Aid spending by Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors in 2016

In this factsheet we provide an overview of key trends in official development assistance (ODA) emerging from the provisional 2017 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) data release.

Key findings

  • Total net ODA from DAC donors in 2016 was US$142.62 billion (US$143.33 billion in constant 2015 prices), up 8.9% on 2015 figures.

  • Both total ODA and ODA net of refugee-hosting costs increased. Total ODA net of refugee-hosting costs reached US$127.21 billion in 2016 (US$127.89 billion in constant 2015 prices), an increase of 7.1% from 2015.

  • The proportion of total ODA reported by DAC donors for refugee-hosting costs increased by 27.5%, reaching US$15.41 billion (US$15.44 billion in constant 2015 prices).

  • The majority of donors saw an increase in their reported ODA from 2015 to 2016, some quite significantly; however, some key donors saw a decrease. Six countries met the 0.7% gross national income (GNI) target.

  • Bilateral aid to least developed countries (LDCs) has fallen slightly on last year, from just over US$25 billion to US$22.4 billion (US$22.5 billion in constant 2015 prices).

  • In terms of total volumes, the United States (US) continues to be the largest bilateral provider, with 59 billion (US$33.16 billion in constant 2015 prices). Germany is the second largest provider with ODA increasing to US$24.67 billion (US$24.41 billion in constant 2015 prices), followed by the United Kingdom (UK) with US$18.01 billion (US$20.01 billion in constant 2015 prices), Japan with US$10.37 billion (US$9.29 billion in constant 2015 prices) and France with US$9.50 billion (US$9.46 billion in constant 2015 prices).

  • In 2016 total gross ODA loans and equity investments are slightly down against grants compared with 2015. In 2015, US$17.94 billion of ODA was given in the form of loans. This fell 8.9% in 2016 to US$17.23 billion (US$16.35 billion in constant 2015 prices).

  • In 2016 ODA to multilateral organisations from DAC donors stood at US$40.63 billion (US$40.99 billion in constant 2015 prices), a 9.8% increase on levels in 2015.

  • Bilateral net ODA to Africa from DAC donors stood at US$26.74 billion in 2016 (US$26.93 billion in constant 2015 prices); this was a 0.5% fall from the previous year. Sub-Saharan Africa made up 88.7% of the 2016 total to Africa.