2016 was a year of challenges and upheaval across the globe. The ongoing migration and refugee crisis has uprooted nearly 50 million children worldwide, leaving them vulnerable to violence and exploitation. Conflict and natural hazards continue to take a toll on children, with nearly 1 in 4 living in areas affected by crisis. In Haiti, the destruction caused by Hurricane Matthew has left 2.7 million people in need of life-saving assistance. In the aftermath of the conflict in Central African Republic, 1 in 2 children is affected by stunting.
As the first year that the world worked towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, 2016 also marked the beginning of a renewed effort to end poverty and promote equity for all children. Despite the tremendous progress driven by the Millennium Development Goals, there is still much room for improvement. Today, undernutrition contributes to nearly half of all deaths in children under 5. There are pronounced disparities between the both the rich and the poor and urban and rural populations in access to improved water and sanitation. As of 2014, 25 million children of primary school age are expected to never attend school. Two thirds of them are girls. And every five minutes, a child dies as a result of violence.
Yet, in 2016 there were also great accomplishments. By the start of the year, the Ebola crisis in West Africa had come to an end, though UNICEF continued to support children in the wake of the epidemic. In April, world leaders gathered in New York to sign the Paris Climate Agreement, an important step towards addressing the risks and effects of climate change.
And in December, UNICEF marked its 70th anniversary of serving as a defender of children around the world, regardless of their gender, religion, race or economic background.
Our work in 2016 spanned all regions, across all sectors of international development and disaster relief. Read on to see what has been accomplished for children living in five of the world’s most complex and dangerous crises.
The Syrian Arab Republic is one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a child. After almost six years of conflict, the country is now facing the largest humanitarian crisis in the world, with grave protection and human rights violations occurring daily. An estimated 13.5 million people are affected by the crisis, including 6 million children. More than 2 million Syrian children are now living as refugees in neighbouring countries. In 2016, UNICEF and partners scaled up their provision of essential services and supplies to affected communities and displaced populations, particularly the most vulnerable.
Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of November 2016:
More than 1.5 million people given hygiene promotion session and/or a hygiene kit
About 895,000 children enrolled in formal education
Nearly 370,000 children enrolled in non-formal or informal education
More than 21 million children under 5 vaccinated against polio
More than 900,000 children and adults participating in child protection and psychosocial support programmes
Meet the Syrian children affected by the crisis:
When UNICEF first met Mohammed, he was malnourished and extremely weak. See how he is doing now.
A seven-year-old Syrian girl with an old soul recounts her journey from the Syrian Arab Republic to Greece.
Nine-year-old Judy is excited to return to school, but going to class in eastern Aleppo is not always easy.
Nigeria regional crisis
In 2016, security returned to some areas of north-east Nigeria, allowing aid workers to visit sites that were previously under Boko Haram control. But this new access revealed an acute humanitarian situation, with alarming rates of malnutrition among children and an outbreak of wild poliovirus. In the three most directly affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, an estimated 8.5 million people will require humanitarian assistance in 2017, including 1.63 million internally displaced persons, more than half of whom are children.
Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 31 December 2016:
About 745,000 conflict-affected people provided with access to safe water
Nearly 160,000 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition admitted to therapeutic feeding programmes
More than 4.2 million conflict-affected people reached with emergency primary healthcare services
More than 185,000 conflict-affected children reached with psychosocial support
Nearly 107,000 conflict-affected children given access to education in a protective and safe learning environment
Meet the children affected by the Nigeria regional crisis:
At just 7 month old, Umara is severely malnourished. He is one of over 100,000 children UNICEF is treating for malnutrition.
Walk a mile in seven-year-old Fatime's shoes as she escapes Boko Haram violence and returns to Chad from Niger.
'Aminata', 17, was taken by Boko Haram and forced to marry an insurgent. She lived with him until she finally managed to escape.
With the escalation of conflict in March 2015, Yemen is facing a major humanitarian crisis. Some 18.8 million people – 70 per cent of the population – are in need of humanitarian assistance, including 9.6 million children. Child rights violations have increased dramatically and children are facing significant psychological stress. The status of health, nutrition and sanitation in the country is dire, with a recent cholera crisis putting 7.6 million people at risk.
Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 23 November 2016:
Nearly 4.5 million people provided with improved water sources and sanitation services
More than 347,000 children given access to basic learning supplies
More than 4.8 million children under 5 vaccinated against polio
More than 4 million children under 5 given micronutrient interventions
About 434,000 children receiving psychosocial support
Meet the children and families affected by the crisis in Yemen:
Already chronically malnourished, six-year-old Arafat is now suffering from cholera.
A member of Yemen's marginalized community, Rania overcomes multiple obstacles to stay at the top of her class.
A grieving mother, Miryam lost her son to a conflict he should never have been a part of.
The situation in South Sudan has deteriorated significantly since the start of 2016 and is compounded by the worsening economy and fragile political situation. By the end of 2016, an estimated 31 per cent of the population was experiencing severe food insecurity, and the situation is only expected to worsen in 2017. Children are the most vulnerable, and make up 70 per cent of those seeking refuge in neighbouring countries.
Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 31 December 2016:
More than 203,000 children aged six to 59 months with severe acute malnutrition admitted for treatment
Nearly 610,000 children aged six months to 15 years in conflict-affected areas vaccinated against measles
More than 742,000 people provided with access to safe water
More than 693,000 children and adolescents reached with critical child protection services
About 314,000 children and adolescents aged 3 to 18 years provided with access to education in emergencies
Meet the children and families affected by the crisis in South Sudan:
Athill's twins are among an estimated 360,000 children under 5 suffering from severe acute malnutrition.
Nyaneada hadn't seen her parents in nearly two years before she and her siblings were reunited with them.
Malual fled to Juba after an outbreak of fighting. He now attends school at UN protection of civilians site.
Violence in Iraq intensified in 2016, with one in five children at risk of death, injury, sexual violence, recruitment into armed conflict or abduction. As many as 11 million people require humanitarian assistance and more than 1.4 million children are displaced, the majority of whom have lost an entire year of school. In Mosul, following a military operation to retake the city in October, more than 100,000 people remain displaced, half of them children.
Snapshot of UNICEF’s impact as of 30 November 2016:
More than 1 million people provided with access to a sufficient safe water supply
About 57,000 school-aged children reached through temporary learning spaces
More than 88,000 children participating in structured, sustained, resilience or psychosocial support programmes
More than 5.6 million children 0–59 months vaccinated against polio in crisis-affected areas (among internally displaced persons and host communities)
More than 1.2 million vulnerable people newly displaced by conflict receiving rapid response mechanism kits within 72 hours of trigger for response
Meet the children affected by the crisis in Iraq:
Displaced and orphaned, 'Ahmed' goes to a youth centre to recover from the experience of being caught up in conflict.
Noor fled her home in Haji Ali and is now taking shelter with her family in Debaga Camp.
Hamed, 13, lost his father and his leg in a mortar attack. He is now back in school in Falljah.
Yet throughout 2016, in the midst of what could often seem like a bleak humanitarian landscape, we bore witness to everyday [acts of kindness)](https://www.unicef.org/emergencies/childrenonthemove/90514_90528.html and humanity. A Syrian refugee who volunteered to assist refugees and migrants as they arrived on the Greek island Lesbos. A Norwegian man who welcomed a Syrian family to his hometown with open arms. A barber in Greece who gives free haircuts to young refugees. Villagers in Niger who carried benches and tables to temporary classrooms set up for displaced children.
We received hundreds of Tiny Stories from famous and amateur authors, expressing their dreams for every child. We heard from aid workers, recalling their toughest and most rewarding moments on the front lines. We met and supported loving caregivers worldwide, who work tirelessly to provide comfort and safety for our children.
As we enter 2017, we are working with the same determination to offer help and hope all over the world, for every child.