Viet Nam

Vietnam: Typhoon Damrey - Appeal no. 05EA019 Operations Update No. 2

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Situation Report
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In Brief

Appeal No. 05EA019; Operations Update no. 2; Period covered: 12 October -- 7 November 2005; Appeal coverage: 95.6% (click here to go directly to the attached Contributions List, also available on the website).

Appeal history:

- Emergency appeal launched on 5 October 2005 for CHF 813,678 (USD 628,813 OR EUR 522,597) to assist 25,000 beneficiaries (5,000 families) for a period of 12 months.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000

Outstanding needs: CHF 35,486 (USD 27,423 or EUR 22,791)

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: South East Asia Annual Appeal (05AA057), Viet Nam Annual Appeal (05AA056)

Operational Summary:

Barely five weeks after typhoon Damrey, typhoon Kai-Tak swept into Viet Nam, destroying homes and crops in its path. The areas most affected were the central regions, where the country's poorest make up the majority of inhabitants. The typhoon comes after a stretch of bad weather and flooding, allowing only the briefest of respite for the affected people and undermining ongoing efforts of reconstruction and rehabilitation .

Supported by the Federation, Viet Nam Red Cross's (VNRC) extensive involvement in providing relief to populations affected by these recent disasters have meant that relief stocks now remain in limited supply. Any stock replenishment offered by donors in addition to the appeal will be welcome.

Background

On 27 September 2005, typhoon Damrey slammed into Viet Nam, lashing coastal provinces extending from Quang Ninh into Da Nang. The next day, heavy rains and wind triggered mudslides and flooding in the northern provinces of Yen Bai, Lao Cai and Phu Tho. Hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless with their houses submerged under floods, while many lost their means of income and subsistence as rice fields, ponds and poultry farms were left damaged in the aftermath of the storm.

The Federation released CHF 200,000 from its Disaster Response Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the response of the VNRC and on 5 October 2005, an emergency appeal was launched to support some 25,000 people for a period of one year.

Since the beginning of the operations, Viet Nam has been subject to further flooding in the central provinces, including another recent typhoon, causing additional damage to housing and agriculture. Even as the nation grapples with the global threat of avian influenza, provincial and local governments have been providing emergency food assistance to people affected by the typhoon, in addition to human and financial resources devoted to ensure that the affected people are cared for and that infrastructure vital to their safety and economy remains intact.

The affected provinces are home to some 22 million people, including 11 indigenous minority groups, the majority of which live below the poverty level. Natural disasters pose a constant threat to the country's work in reducing poverty. Although efforts are being made by the government and international organizations to introduce poverty reduction projects in these vulnerable areas, large-scale and sudden-onset natural disasters such as floods or typhoons can undermine any progress made through these projects.

Operational developments

Upstream floods from the Mekong River, coupled with heavy rains in the fourth week of October 2005, caused flooding in the provinces of Binh Dinh, An Giang, Dong Thap, Long An and Kien Giang. The five provinces recorded 113 deaths and 42 injured, 948 houses washed away, 51,952 houses submerged and 5,108 evacuated households. Local VNRC chapters were actively involved in evacuation, search and rescue, and provision of immediate relief in all affected provinces. The national society headquarters released a total of 1,100 household kits from its warehouse and VND 30 million (CHF 2,430) from reserve funds to assist the five affected provinces.

On 2 November 2005, typhoon Kai-Tak struck Viet Nam, causing severe damage to the central provinces of Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam and Quang Ngai, and also affecting Quang Binh and Quang Tri.

Some of these provinces were already subjected to dangerous floodings less than a month ago -- this latest battering has so far claimed at least 19 lives, leaving 44 people injured and another 11 missing, according to the Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control (CCFSC). The typhoon also swept away over 9,000 houses, and flooded over 46,000 houses and 206 classrooms. Approximately 13,000 ha of rice and subsidiary crops and some 57 ships were inundated. Worse still, the catastrophe washed away a series of roads and irrigation works made up of more than 1.1 million cubic meters of land and stone. Total losses were initially estimated at some VND 180 billion (CHF 14,580,000).

The VNRC at local level has been actively supporting the local authorities with evacuation and distribution of essential relief items to the needy. The national society headquarters has been monitoring and requesting situation updates from the affected provinces .

Local response to the recent typhoon has been swift, with the Viet Nam government releasing 450 tonnes of rice and VND 25 billion (CHF 2,025,000) to support affected people. Local governments of the affected provinces themselves have all pledged financial support to families who lost homes and loved ones to the typhoon.

According to the General Statistics Office (GSO), natural disasters including storms and floods claimed at least 132 lives and caused total losses of VND 4.8 trillion (CHF 388.8 million) nationwide from late September to mid-October 2005.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Hanoi: Dr. Trinh Bang Hop, Head of International Relations and Development Department, Viet Nam Red Cross; email: vnrchq@netnam.org.vn; Phone: +84.4.822.4320; Fax: +84.4.942.4285

In Hanoi: Leopoldo Principe, Federation Representative, email: leopoldo.principe@ifrc.org; Phone: +84.4.942.2980 (ext. 216); Fax: +84.4.942.2987

In Bangkok: Bekele Geleta, Head of Regional Delegation; email: bekele.geleta@ifrc.org ; Phone: +66.2.661.8201; Fax: +66.2.661.9322

In Geneva: Charles Evans or Sabine Feuglet, Southeast Asia Desk, Asia Pacific Department; email: charles.evans@ifrc.org or sabine.feuglet@ifrc.org; Phone: +41.22.730.4320/4349; Fax: +41.22.733.0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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