Viet Nam

Vietnam: Typhoon Damrey - Appeal no. 05EA019 Operations Update No. 1

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In Brief

Appeal No. 05EA019; Operations Update no. 1; Period covered: 5 -- 11 October 2005; Appeal coverage: 29.3%; (click here to go directly to the attached Contributions List, also available on the website).

Appeal history:

Emergency appeal launched on 5 October 2005 for CHF 813,678 (USD 628,813 OR EUR 522,597) to assist 25,000 beneficiaries (5,000 families) for a period of 12 months.

Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000

Outstanding needs: CHF 575,018 (USD 444,372 or EUR 369,311)

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: South East Asia Annual Appeal (05AA057), Vietnam Annual Appeal (05AA056) Operational Summary: A week after the launch of the emergency appeal for Typhoon Damrey, the nation is reeling from the effects of the eighth massive storm to hit Vietnam this year. The majority of the affected people have been living below the poverty line, causing serious concern for the country's long-term development plans.

Background

On 27 September 2005, Typhoon Damrey slammed into Vietnam, lashing coastal provinces extending from Quang Ninh into Da Nang. The next day, heavy rains and wind triggered mudslides and flooding in the northern provinces of Yen Bai, Lao Cai and Phu Tho. Hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless with their houses submerged under floods, while many lost their means of income and subsistence as rice fields, ponds and poultry farms were left damaged in the aftermath of the storm.

The Federation released CHF 200,000 from its Disaster Response Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the response of the Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) and on 5 October 2005, an emergency appeal was launched to support some 25,000 people for a period of one year.

Operational developments

On 6 and 7 October 2005, seven days after typhoon Damrey ravaged Vietnam's coast, thousands more people were forced to flee their homes as over 44,000 houses were submerged by dangerous floods in central Vietnam's mountainous Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien-Hue provinces. Rushing waters washed away 21,515 ha of rice and destroyed thousands more of hectares of vegetable farms, killing herds and destroying fishing ponds.

Quang Tri was hardest hit by the eighth massive storm to strike the country this year, particularly in the province's districts of Vinh Linh, Cam Lo and Gio Linh. In h t e storm's aftermath, rural communities comprised of subsistence farmers are facing difficulty in obtaining food, and with many of the wells contaminated, they now lack access to water. According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the central region of Vietnam, where these three affected provinces are located, is one of the poorest in the country. These central provinces are home to 22 million people, including 11 indigenous ethnic minority groups. According to the latest information from ADB, despite the nation's growing economy, a more focused targeting of support for the poor is becoming incr easingly necessary

The loss of crops and farm animals to the recent barrage of floods, combined with the threats posed by avian influenza, is having a devastating affect on a country where some 80 per cent of the population depend on agriculture for income and subsistence. According to Vietnam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, currently 17.2 per cent of all households live below the poverty line, with 90 per cent of the country's poor residing in rural areas. It is precisely these areas n i Vietnam's northwest, northeast, northern central and coastal central regions, and in the west central highlands -- home to some 2.8 million poor households -- which, after weathering six previous storms, were struck by Typhoon Damrey and the most recent storm. Natural disasters pose a constant threat to the country's efforts to reduce poverty. Although efforts are being made by the government and international organizations to introduce poverty reduction projects in these vulnerable areas, large-scale and sudden-onset natural disasters such as floods or Typhoon Damrey can undermine any progress made through these projects.

Red Cross and Red Crescent action

Responding to the needs in Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien-Hue provinces, the Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) headquarters released 750 household kits from its warehouse: Quang Tri receiving 300 kits, Quang Binh receiving 300 kits and Thua Thien-Hue receiving 150 kits. The household kits are packaged in a lidded plastic bucket containing: 1 mosquito net; 2 blankets; 1 pot; 1 frying pan; 1 small stove; and 3 bars of soap. The national society has released cash and relief items totaling VND 345 million (CHF 28,080 or USD 21,700) to assist affected families in the central provinces. Having only just returned from responding to Damrey, relief teams from VNRC's headquarters headed to the central provinces on 12 October to distribute relief items.

Progress to date in the emergency appeal response

Following the issuing of the emergency appeal, VNRC has continued to respond to the urgent need for food caused by Typhoon Damrey, relying on local resources to distribute rice donated by a local NGO to typhoon-affected areas. At the same time the national society is preparing to initiate emergency relief activities supported through the Federation's appeal. As outlined in the attached logical framework (see Annex 1), the VNRC is moving forward with procuring food and household kits for distribution to the affected families. Requests for quotations have been issued for rice and household kit items, and bids will be reviewed on Wednesday 19 October. The VNRC, in order to ensure that the operation is efficiently managed has established a four-person "Damrey-Appeal Board" chaired by the society's deputy secretary-general which will work in close cooperation with the Federation staff in Hanoi.

Coordination

The VNRC and the Federation are members of the country's disaster management working group (DMWG). As such, the national society and the Federation will continue to carry out response activities in close cooperation and consultation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (OXFAM)-Great Britain, the Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control (CCFSC), the ministry of foreign affairs, as well as with other organizations.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Hanoi: Dr. Trinh Bang Hop, Head of International Relations and Development Department, Viet Nam Red Cross; email: vnrchq@netnam.org.vn; Phone: +84.4 .822.4320; Fax: +84.4.942.4285

In Hanoi: Leopoldo Principe, Federation Representative, email: leopoldo.principe@ifrc.org; Phone: +84.4.942.2980 (ext. 216); Fax: +84.4.942.2987

In Bangkok: Bekele Geleta, Head of Regional Delegation; email: bekele.geleta@ifrc.org; Phone: +66.2.640.8211; Fax: +66.2.640.8220

In Geneva: Charles Evans or Sabine Feuglet, Southeast Asia Desk, Asia Pacific Department; email: charles.evans@ifrc.org or sabine.feuglet@ifrc.org; Phone: +41.22.730.4320/4349; Fax: +41.22.733.0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-te rm programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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