This situation report is an internal report by the UNDRMT. It covers the period from Oct 2015- 10 March 2016. The next situation report will be issued as more information becomes available, and as deemed necessary.
Severe drought has impacted all provinces in the Mekong Delta, Southern Central and Central highland regions since the end of 2015.
39 out of Viet Nam’s 63 provinces have requested support from central government to cope with the most severe El Nino / drought in 90 years.
Currently 10 provinces have declared drought emergencies: Bình Thuận, Bến Tre, Vĩnh Long, Sóc Trăng, Cà Mau, Trà Vinh, Tiền Giang, Long An, Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu and Gia Lai.
On 15 March 2015 Government and the UN will organise an extraordinary partnership meeting with donors, development partners, INGOs, technical experts and the media to discuss joint efforts for drought response and recovery.
Preliminary damage caused by drought and saltwater intrusion as of 9 Mar 2016 are as follows:
Paddy Rice damaged (ha 159,000)
No. of people lacking water for daily consumption 976,000
Provinces in state of emergencies 10/39
Total affected provinces 39/63
Estimated cost for short and medium response (mil. USD) 67
The National Hydro-Met Office expects this El-Nino episode to continue at least until June 2016.
Since the end of 2015, water levels in the lower Mekong River have been at their lowest level since records began nearly one hundred years ago. It is estimated that levels of water shortage in the rivers of the Mekong Delta range from 30-50%.
Saltwater intrusion in the Mekong Delta extends 20-25km further inland than seasonal averages. Saltwater intrusion now stretches 90-93km inland in the Vam Co River; 45-65km in the Tien River and 55-60km in the Hau River.
Saltwater intrusion began two months earlier than average, causing caused severe damage to crops and livelihoods.