Viet Nam

Viet Nam: Typhoon Xangsane Emergency Appeal No. MDRVN001 Revised Appeal TC-2006-000144-VNM

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief


Appeal history:

- The preliminary Emergency Appeal launched on 5 October 2006 to seek CHF 1,010,944 (USD 811,479 or EUR 637,584) in cash, kind or services to assist 61,000 beneficiaries for 12 months.

- With the revision of the Emergency Appeal budgets have been adjusted to reflect the operational realities.

- CHF 100,000 has been released from the secretariat's DISASTER RELIEF EMERGENCY FUND (DREF) to assist the Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) to start operations. Unearmarked funds will be needed to repay DREF.

- The preliminary Emergency Appeal targeted 61,000 people for 12 months. The revised Emergency Appeal will support 60,400 people. The reduction in beneficiary numbers is due to a reduction in the planned food assistance under this appeal, VNRC will continue to support the originally stated 50,000 people for one month with food assistance, funded by this appeal and a bilateral contribution received from the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation. In addition, a needs assessment concluded that the number of families with damaged or destroyed houses is more than three times the initial 6,000, i.e. now more than 19,000, thus VNRC will increase it support from 350 to 500 families with the means to rebuild their homes. Overall VNRC will focus its assistance, supported by the Federation, on the provision of food to the most vulnerable requiring additional support beyond that provided by the government; non-food items including water storage and hygiene items; livelihood support for socioeconomic recovery; support for the medium to long term repair and/or rebuilding of homes.

The International Federation undertakes activities that are aligned with its Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Tsunami plan of action 2005-2010

The Situation

Typhoon Xangsane slammed into the central provinces of Vietnam on Sunday 1 October, packing strong winds and rains that cut power and caused widespread devastation and disruption. Approximately 1.3 million people are reported to be affected.

Reports updated on 10 October from the Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control (CCFSC) and Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) officials identify 69 people dead (31 dead by typhoon and 38 by flood), 525 injured and two missing in the 12 central provinces of Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Ca Mau and Kien Giang. Injured people are being treated at hospitals or health clinics.

Some 293,480 houses are reported damaged: either collapsed, with no roof and/or inundated, of which, 19,736 are destroyed. The CCFSC reported that 887 fishing boats have been sunk; 1,278 hectares of aquaculture ruined; 8,000 cubic metres of dykes eroded; 4,594 ha of rice and vegetables badly damaged; and 67,550 poultry lost.

Huge damage to infrastructure, such as roads, bridges and electricity posts as well as to trees and the environment in general is reported. Due to the large need for roofing material, market prices have risen 30% and stocks are depleted.

The health situation is being closely monitored by the Ministry of Health with support of WHO. Health structures have remained largely intact with only minimal damage. Patients affected by the typhoon will receive health assistance free of charge.

A rapid evacuation of 202,600 people by the government the day before the typhoon probably reduced casualties significantly. According to CCFSC, 63,421 fishing boats with 315,149 fishermen were warned before the typhoon. The central government has called for domestic and international contributions to help those affected. VND 161 billion (USD 10 million) has been released from the central government to help recovery and rehabilitation efforts; 1,500 metric tonnes (MT) of rice from the national stock for food security has also been released.

In Hanoi, the National Fatherland Front launched its appeal on 4 October calling on all organizations (in Vietnam and outside) to donate cash and kind to help people get back on their feet as soon as possible.

Donations from international and domestic donors to support the activities of the Vietnamese government for the affected people is reported to be VND 11.4 billion (USD 687,500) and has been allocated towards immediate emergency relief and intermediate recovery activities.

The authorities and other local agencies, with the active participation of the military, are helping people repair houses, clear felled trees, restore electricity and water supplies and provide emergency food for evacuated people. It is expected that extensive support will be required to rebuild houses and provide for other needs, including hygiene kits and households items in the upcoming months.

According to a needs assessment done by three teams and CCFSC reports, those affected provinces need about 9,000 tonnes of rice; 17,000 houses to be rebuilt; 200,000 houses to be recovered; 200 school rooms to be rebuilt; 3,500 school rooms to be recovered; and in addition, seeds provision for the winter crops should be provided.

Red Cross and Red Crescent actions

Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) chapters are supporting affected people: Thua Thien Hue RedCross chapter has released VND 40 million to procure 5,000 bags of instant noodles, and evacuated 50,000 people from 12,380 households; Quang Tri Red Cross chapter has mobilized disaster response teams (DRT). About 420 Red Cross members and volunteers are supporting 870 evacuees. Two trucks and one speed boat are supporting its response; Da Nang Red Cross donated to 300 affected households in the districts of Hoa Vang, Lien Chieu, Son Tra with 200 household kits (including blankets, mosquito net and pots), 100 boxes of instant noodle, and four tonnes of rice (worth VND 110 million). Local Red Cross chapters are mobilizing staff and volunteers to help people in affected areas returning to their homes

VNRC headquarters sent a team to Thua Thien Hue and Da Nang to distribute 600 household kits. Initially, VNRC headquarters supported VND 260 million (USD 16,250) worth in goods and cash for affected people. This team, together with the local authorities, will carry out rapid needs assessment on the field.

In response to the typhoon, the Federation allocated a total of CHF 100,000 from DREF. The DREF allocation enabled VNRC to use this amount for emergency relief operation. VNRC headquarters is procuring 140 tonnes of rice and 1,000 households kits to provide to nine of the 14 worst affected provinces, using CHF 100,000 from DREF.

Three National Disaster Management Working Group (NNDMWG) joint need assessment teams (which are a joint initiative between UN agencies, Red Cross and INGO, and government) were deployed to Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang and Quang Nam to conduct a rapid needs assessment. The overall report from the three teams has been shared among other stakeholders for comment in preparation for the Thursday 12 October meeting. VNRC and the Federation's country delegation in Hanoi will be part of the team. The NNDMWG comprises international organizations, UN agencies, diplomatic missions to Vietnam, the Red Cross and INGOs working in Vietnam.

This revised emergency appeal is based on all available, verified information from the field trips and reports from rapid assessment teams, reports from central and local authorities to date and on VNRC's longstanding experience in dealing with similar disasters.

For further information:

Vietnam Red Cross: Dr. Trinh Bang Hop, Director of International Relations Department, Email:, Phone: +84-4 8224320; Dr. Phung Van Hoan, DM Manager, Phone +84 904.117.981, Email:

Vietnam Delegation: Ms Irja Sandberg Federation Representative Mobile: +84 904067955, Email: or Mr. Dang Van Tao, DM Manager, Phone +84 913.361.581, Email:

Federation Regional Delegation Bangkok: Mr. Bekele Geleta, Head of Regional Delegation, Bangkok, Phone: +66 26661 8201 ext 100 or Mr. Michael Annear, Head of Regional Delegation Disaster Management Unit, Bangkok, Phone +66 817539598, Email:

In Geneva: Southeast Asia team: Mr Gert Venghaus & Sabine Feuglet, +41 22 730 4258; fax +41 22 733 0395, Email: &

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

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