Viet Nam

Viet Nam: Typhoon Haiyan - Information Bulletin n° 3

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Situation Report
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Summary:

Typhoon Haiyan was initially expected to make landfall in Central Viet Nam on Sunday, 10 November, as a category-2 typhoon, after slamming into the Philippines as a category-5 storm on 8 November. Typhoon Haiyan, locally named storm number 14, eventually reduced in intensity and entered the northern coastal provinces of Hai Phong and Quang Ninh early morning Monday, 11 November 2013, as a weaker category-1 tropical typhoon. The storm then moved northeast and weakened into a tropical depression in the South of Guangxi province, China in the afternoon of 11 November.

The situation

Within the first two weeks of October 2013, central Viet Nam was hit by two category-1 storms - Typhoon Wutip (storm number 10) on 30 September and Typhoon Nari (storm number 11) on 15 October. The typhoons left behind significant damage and total economic loss of VND 15 trillion (USD 734 million) in the nine provinces of Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien-Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam and Quang Ngai.

While families in central Viet Nam were still recovering from these two storms, they had to prepare for the potentially greatest storm of the year thus far, Typhoon Haiyan, or storm number 14, especially after the fatal damage it had caused the Philippines before heading towards Viet Nam. Initially, the “super typhoon” was expected to hit central provinces on 10 November as a category-2 typhoon. The government and NGOs, including Viet Nam Red Cross coordinated the evacuation of approximately 600,000 residents in central and southern provinces of Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai and Binh Dinh.

While the above provinces suffered from strong winds and heavy rains, they have been spared the direct impact as the typhoon changed its course to move north-eastward, heading towards the northern provinces of Thanh Hoa, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh, Hai Phong and Quang Ninh, resulting in heavy rains and flooding in these areas. On 10 November, the government ordered the emergency evacuation of some 200,000 residents in these northern provinces.

The storm ended up hitting Quang Ninh and Hai Phong provinces around 3 a.m. on 11 November, after causing heavy rain and very strong winds in these provinces, as well as moderate rain in some northeastern provinces and cities, including the capital Hanoi. Authorities in Hanoi and the affected provinces had ordered schools to close on Monday to ensure the safety of students.

The storm resulted in minor damages. According to reports at the Disaster Management Working Group (DMWG) meeting on Monday, 11 November, ten people were reported dead and 40 others injured in five provinces. Some of the deaths were the result of preparation efforts such as fixing roofs or cutting trees, rather than as a direct impact of the storm. Other damages include a few collapsed houses, 114 damaged/unroofed houses, broken trees and power lines in some areas, and one radio-television antenna pole knocked down in Quang Ninh. Below is a summary of damages. The DMWG stated that there is no need for the deployment of the joint assessment teams.