A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Typhoon Damrey made landfall in early Saturday morning, 4 November 2017, with winds of up to 135km/h, wreaking havoc in the central and south-central coast of Việt Nam; before entering Cambodia. According to the latest information from National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (DNDPC), as of 8 November, 82 people died, 26 people missing and 174 injured. The typhoon has destroyed nearly 1,500 houses and around 120,000 houses are partially damaged. It is estimated that 4.3 million people are affected, with around 381,000 people requiring assistance.
The most affected provinces, including the Central Highlands (Lâm Ðồng, Kon Tum, Ðắk Lắk, and Gia Lai) and the South-Central region (Khánh Hòa, Phú Yên, Bình Ðịnh, Quang Nam and Quảng Ngãi), have high numbers of dead and missing people, seriously damaged infrastructure, collapsed/unroofed houses, and some 20,000 hectares of crops destroyed (including 5,296 hectares of rice, almost 15,000 hectares of vegetables, and 24,435 agricultural cages)
All of Phú Yên Province and Khánh Hoà Province except for Nha Trang City; and all of Binh Đ ̀ i ̣ nh Province other than Tam Quan District suffered from total power outages. Parts of Đắk Lắk, Kon Tum, Đắk Nông and Quảng Ngã i Provinces share the same fate. Dozens of flights have been cancelled. The typhoon has also disrupted railway transportation between North to South.
According to the Chief of Office of the National Search and Rescue Committee, Typhoon Damrey was the strongest storm to make landfall in Khánh Hòa Province and the south-central region in the last 20 years. The recorded danger level of Damrey was higher than that of Typhoon Doksuri which pummeled the central region in September, earlier this year.
Weather forecasts predict heavy downpours will continue to lash the region for several days, bringing risks of further flash floods and landslides. In Quảng Tri ̣to Bình Đi ̣nh Provinces where floodwater levels rose rapidly, submerging and isolating many areas, has been warned to expect historic flooding.
Heavy rains are expected to continue in central and southern Việt Nam in the coming days. Many rivers and water reservoirs in provinces from Quảng Nam to Khánh Hòa are expected to burst soon, and there is a high risk of flash floods and landslides, especially in mountainous and in low-lying areas.
The Government of Việt Nam, through the Central Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (CCNDPC) and the Việt Nam Disaster Management Authority (VNDMA) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) as CCNDPC Secretariat, is coordinating the response in the affected provinces and at the national level. The UN, both at country and regional level, as well as INGOs and the Việt Nam Red Cross are closely monitoring the situation, and will provide support if required.
Summary of the current response
Overview of Host National Society
Việt Nam Red Cross Society (VNRC) monitored the typhoon development before making landfall in Việt Nam. VNRC immediately released emergency aid, including cash assistance (CHF 51,000) and essential non-food items, including 600 shelter tool kits, 1,200 tarpaulins, 600 water filters and 272,000 water purification tablets (WPTs); to affected provinces of Khánh Hoà , Bình Đi ̣ nh, Phú Yên and Đắk Lắk on 5 and again on 8 November. VNRC also dispatched two teams to Khánh Hoà and Phú Yên and Bình Đi ̣ nh to provide relief assistance to the affected people.
A coordination meeting with in country Red Cross Movement partners was convened by VNRC NHQ on 6 November. At the meeting, VNRC provided an update on the situation, outlined their VNRC response plan and called for support from partners for the immediate deployment of Provincial Disaster Response Team (PDRT) in the six worst affected provinces. Following the meeting, VNRC received support from German Red Cross and American Red Cross to deploy the PDRT teams in Quang Binh, Quang Nam and Quang Ngai (where DRR projects are on-going) while IFRC is supporting the activation of PDRT deployment and needs assessment to other affected areas.
VNRC has actively conducted response activities as one of the key members of the National Steering Committee for Disaster Prevention and Control as well as a member of the Disaster Management Working Group (DMWG).
National Disaster Response Teams (NDRTs) and Provincial Disaster Response Teams (PDRTs) deployed to the six worst affected provinces of Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Phu Yen,
Binh Dinh, Dak Lak and Khanh Hoa. Thousands of volunteers and staff from local chapters participated in the evacuation of people to safer places before the typhoon hit and coordinated with local chapters to prepare for emergency response. These teams have also been actively involved in needs assessments and relief distribution.
Yesterday two NDRT members arrived in Khanh Hoa Province and will team up with PDRT from Quang Binh Province to carry out needs assessments while the other four teams are starting assessments today and will share the results by this Friday morning.