Viet Nam

Viet Nam: Mekong Delta Floods Emergency appeal n° MDRVN009 final report

Situation Report
Originally published
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Period covered by this final report: 9 November 2011 to 31 October 2012;

Appeal target (current): CHF 1,107,186

Appeal coverage: 102 per cent;

Appeal history:

  • CHF 210,710 was initially allocated from the Federation‟s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 18 October 2012 to support the Viet Nam Red Cross (VNRC) in its initial response to Mekong Delta Floods.

  • 9 November 2011, this Emergency Appeal was initially launched for CHF 1,107,186 for 12 months to assist 10,000 households (42,000 beneficiaries).

  • 24 July 2012 the Emergency Appeal was revised with the same amount to reflect existing recovery needs of communities post relief. Support on livelihood was taken out from the initial Emergency Appeal as a result of the analysis and findings identified in the needs assessment reflected in the third operation update.

  • Operation updates no. 1 and 2 were issued on 9 February and 9 May 2012 respectively, and a preliminary final report was issued on 31 January 2013.


During the end of September 2011, floods in the Mekong delta swept through the seven provinces of An Giang, Dong Thap, Long An, Can Tho, Vinh Long, Hau Giang and Kien Giang, causing significant loss and damages, especially to the first three provinces. Unlike the floods that Viet Nam faces every year in the central region of the country, the Mekong delta experienced slow onset floods, with water covering large areas for more than three months, paralyzing the daily life of affected communities and threatened their livelihoods. Furthermore, with the lengthened duration of homes under water as flood waters receded very slowly, many houses which normally would have withstood flooding were significantly damaged or destroyed.

In preparation for and response to the disaster, VNRC, at both national and local levels, put its disaster response mechanisms in place and initiated its relief operation delivering assistance in cash and kinds to affected population. VNRC, through the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) DREF mechanism, extended its relief operation with provision of relief items (household kits and tarpaulins) to 3,000 families; safe drinking water to at least 7,000 households to reduce the risk of waterborne diseases. Sanitation and hygiene promotion, emergency health and preparedness measures in provinces at greatest risk were also targeted.

To assess needs and support the chapters and branches in their response to the emerging needs, VNRC deployed its national disaster response team (NDRT) on 4 October. This was the first time the NDRT was deployed for a needs assessment, and the Standard Operating Protocol (SOP) was utilized as a guideline and tool to guide their actions. This Emergency Appeal was subsequently drawn based on the needs assessment, with focus on providing support in delivering relief and recovery assistance to 10,000 households (42,000 beneficiaries) in the most affected provinces of Long An, An Giang and Dong Thap with relief distributions (cash, household kits); emergency health (disease prevention and health promotion); water, sanitation, and hygiene promotion; shelter as well as built VNRC chapters and branches response and communication capacities. The operation has also proved to be a positive opportunity to develop the national society‟s capacities in organizational development. The Mekong Delta Floods operation commenced in October 2011, with all activities completed by end of October 2012.