A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
For three consecutive months from October to December 2016, continuous heavy rainfall caused severe flooding in various provinces of Central Viet Nam. Initial floods impacted communities from 14 to 16 October while the second wave of floods occurred from 30 October to 5 November. Furthermore, incessant heavy rain that started from 31 November 2016 and continued into early 2017 brought another severe flood in the province of Binh Dinh. The three flooding events collectively left at least 88 people dead, destroyed more than 1,016 houses, damaged some 31,000 hectares of rice fields, killed more than 86,985 cattle and washed away 512,345 poultry. More than 728,119 people were affected. The Central Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control reported the impact of the floods as follows:
Summary of current response
Overview of Host National Society
In response to the back-to-back floods, Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) dispatched relief items and unconditional cash grants totalling VND 5.97 billion (CHF 263,000) on 16 October and 2 November, respectively. Relief items were distributed to affected families in the provinces of Ha Tinh, Quang Binh and Quang Tri. Four Provincial Disaster Response Team (PDRTs) were deployed to carry out needs assessments and conduct relief distributions in Nghe An,
Ha Tinh, Quang Binh and Quang Tri in late October 2016. Distributions were completed within the first two weeks of November.
Overview of Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in country
In addition to IFRC and ICRC, other Movement partners with in-country presence are American Red Cross, French Red Cross, German Red Cross, Korean Red Cross, Italian Red Cross, Norwegian Red Cross and Swiss Red Cross. Two Regional Disaster Response Team (RDRT) members, one specialized in procurement and the other in relief, were deployed to support the operation between November 2016 and January 2017.
In-country Movement partners held regular scheduled coordination meetings to share information on the situation and update on the progress of implementation, including resource mobilization. The German Red Cross supported needs assessments and the deployment of a water treatment unit in the province of Quang Binh. The Singapore Red Cross provided a donation of VND 753 million (CHF 33,000) bilaterally, which VNRC prioritized for livelihoods assistance in the province of Ha Tinh.
Overview of non-RCRC actors in country
The Government put in place necessary preparedness and response measures including large-scale evacuation, search and rescue, delivery of drinking water, food, blankets, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) supplies, rice seeds and cash support to mitigate the impact of the flood on people, prevent the shortage of food and water and help people return to normal life.
A joint rapid needs assessment to Quang Binh, Ha Tinh and Nghe An was carried out after the first flood. The needs identified were: WASH, household items, agricultural inputs, field debris clearance and cash grants. Another joint assessment, led by the Disaster Management Working Group (DMWG), was carried out in the province of Binh Dinh from 21 to 23 December 2016. The report recommended the provision of cash transfers to address the immediate and recovery needs of people affected in the districts of Tay Son and Tuy Phuoc, including livelihoods support as most of the affected households lost their cattle and crops.
The implementation progress of this operation was being shared and regular updates were provided during ad-hoc and regular meetings of the National Steering Committee for Floods and Storm Prevention and Control. At the field level,
VNRC collaborated with local authorities in the areas of beneficiary selection, relief distribution, communication and dissemination.