Viet Nam

Viet Nam: Floods and typhoons (MDRVN006) - revised emergency appeal

Situation Report
Originally published


This revised emergency appeal seeks CHF 4,464,332 (USD 3.9 million or EUR 3.22 million) in cash, kind, or services to support Viet Nam Red Cross to assist 60,000 families (approximately 270,000 people) for 12 months, and will be completed by 30 September 2010. A final report will be made available by 31 December 2010, three months after the end of the operation.

Appeal history:

- The revised emergency appeal was launched on 19 October 2009 for CHF 5,571,176 (USD 5.47 million or EUR 3.67 million) to assist 60,000 families (approximately 270,000 people) for 12 months.

- This emergency appeal was initially launched on a preliminary basis on 2 October 2009 for CHF 4,939,626 (USD 4.75 million or EUR 3.25 million) to assist 50,000 families (approximately 210,000 people) for 12 months.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 314,064 (USD 324,167 or EUR 214,633) was allocated from IFRC's DREF to support the national society in its initial emergency response.


Typhoon Ketsana struck central Viet Nam on 29 September 2009, sweeping across 12 provinces and causing widespread destruction, killing 170 people. More than 21,000 homes were completely destroyed with a further 473,500 sustaining heavy damage. Some 356,000 people were forced to evacuate to safer ground. Typhoon Mirinae followed on the heels of Ketsana on 2 November 2009, cutting a swathe across nine provinces in central Viet Nam, of which, seven had already suffered the force of Ketsana. Mirinae resulted in 123 deaths with some 2,360 houses destroyed and 106,000 or so badly damaged. Altogether, agricultural losses resulting from both typhoons are calculated at over 172,000 hectares of crops damaged, and some 40,000 tonnes of rice lost. The strike by Mirinae served to worsen the existing situation, and posed a significant setback in gains already made in relief and recovery efforts in response to Ketsana.

Following VNRC's response to Ketsana, IFRC provided support through a DREF allocation of CHF 314,064, followed by the launch of an emergency appeal for CHF 4,939,626 to assist those affected. This appeal was later revised upwards to CHF 5,571,176 following more detailed needs assessments and consultation together with the national society and partner national societies in-country. With the revision of this appeal to CHF 4,464,332, coverage achieved is now 77 per cent in hard pledges, and 82 per cent including pledges in the pipeline.

Through the strong support of IFRC, partner national societies and other organizations, the exchange of information and coordination of activities, VNRC was better able to meet the immediate need for relief items and clean water. Throughout October 2009 into March 2010, significant accomplishments in the relief phase have been made towards the objectives of the emergency appeal. These goals include:

- The complete distribution of 2,100 tonnes of rice to 191,421 people in the ten provinces selected for rice distribution

- The complete distribution of 16,600 household kits in 13 affected provinces to a total of 60,286 beneficiaries

- The successful first-time deployment of a water treatment unit by VNRC for provision of safe water in provinces affected by Ketsana

- Distribution of 11,600 boxes of water purification tablets by trained volunteers with advice on how to use the tablets; and,

- The completion and sharing of findings from assessments on water and sanitation, and shelter needs in affected provinces.

Now, moving into the recovery phase of this operation, VNRC, with the support of IFRC, seeks to more effectively address the current needs of people affected by both typhoons. These are:

- Shelter: the reconstruction of storm- and flood-resistant housing

- Livelihood support: sustainable livelihood support through livestock distribution; and,

- Disaster risk reduction: enhanced capacity of the national society itself in disaster response.

Focus on these programme areas has been made to align with the national society's operational priorities; thus, leading to this revision of the emergency appeal in order to better support existing needs and to be in line with VNRC's own strategy. This change is supported by national society stakeholders, especially the VNRC chapters who are able to assess their respective situations at community level. Present activities to help pave the transition from relief into recovery include an evaluation of the overall relief distributions in June. Findings from this evaluation will help inform programme design to precisely address critical issues in the provinces affected by the typhoons, as well enhance such activities in future disaster response operations.

VNRC leads the operation with the full support of IFRC in coordination with partner national societies and other parties. Consistent and frequent communication is carried out among all partners both formally and informally with an open sharing of information on the progress of activities being carried out.

To date, support to this appeal has been received from American Red Cross, Australian Red Cross/Australian government, Austrian Red Cross, Belgian Red Cross/Belgian government, British Red Cross, Canadian Red Cross/Canadian government, Finnish Red Cross, Hong Kong branch of Red Cross Society of China, Japanese Red Cross, Republic of Korea Red Cross, Monaco Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross/Netherlands government, New Zealand Red Cross/New Zealand government, Norwegian Red Cross/Norwegian government, Singapore Red Cross, Swedish Red Cross/Swedish government, and United Arab Emirates Red Crescent. Contributions to this appeal have also been received from the Italian government, South African government and USAID. Bilateral support and contributions have been received from American Red Cross, French Red Cross, German Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross, Singapore Red Cross, Spanish Red Cross, and Swiss Red Cross as well as the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid department (DG ECHO).

On behalf of Viet Nam Red Cross, IFRC would like to thank all partners and donors for their timely and generous response to this appeal.