This document is a report based on an independent evaluation of the Climate Smart Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction project in Vietnam. The evaluation and report was commissioned by the Australian Red Cross, and supported by the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
The program, which took place between 1 December 2012 and 31 May 2015 was jointly managed and implemented by the Vietnam National Red Cross Society, the Australian Red Cross, and the German Red Cross. Building on the Vietnam National Red Cross’ existing Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction model, and lessons learnt from the broader Red Cross Red Crescent Movement experience in Vietnam; the project aimed to increase the resilience of the most vulnerable men, women and children to current and projected climate change impacts through a number of initiatives including disaster risk reduction, climate resilient and adaptive livelihoods, participatory climate and disaster risk analysis and adaptation planning, capacity building, awareness raising, and small scale mitigation works.
The evaluation finds that overall, the project has achieved an adequate level of success across the five key areas of relevance, impact, effectiveness, integration and sustainability.
At an international level, the project is highly relevant, aligning strongly with the Strategic Outcome 1 of DFAT’s Climate Change Strategy 2011-16, which focuses on building the resilience of vulnerable communities through sustainable livelihoods and disaster risk reduction.
At a national level, the project is also highly relevant, aligning strongly to government priorities on disasters and climate change. The project is being used as pilot for the government to increase its capacity to implement community-based, participatory processes. By making disaster risk reduction more climate-smart, and by pioneering community-based adaptation in livelihoods, the project also marks new territory for the Vietnam National Red Cross.
At a project level, working through the Vietnam National Red Cross as a key national actor for disaster risk reduction is a key point of relevance. Extending this role to include climate change is an innovative move, and much needed. However, the project design, has not necessarily lead to an in-depth situation analysis of local contexts and a clear rationale for why project locations were chosen over others. A broader issue to relevance also exists: while the project is strong on disaster preparedness and reduction, many of the interventions can still be considered traditional disaster management, lacking explicit links to climate change.
At a community level, the project is viewed as relevant because it deals with issues that are central to community life, and through the project design process, vulnerability and capacity assessments, and community planning processes, communities were largely able to select the interventions they wanted to prioritise through the project.