ACAPS Briefing Note: Vietnam - Tropical Storm Damrey (9 November 2017)
Tropical Storm (Category 4) Damrey made landfall in Vietnam on the morning of 4 November along the south-central coastal region, particularly affecting Khanh Hoa province. 48 deaths have been reported, with an additional 11 people missing. Over 1,300 homes have been destroyed and over 122,000 partially damaged. An estimated 500,000 people have been affected in these provinces and 24,000 remain displaced in evacuation centres. Over 12,000 hectares of agricultural land have been flooded and extensive damage to marine based livelihoods has also been reported. All five south-central provinces are reporting flooded roads and as a result limited access to some areas. One of the five provinces (Phu Yen) has had power restored while the other provinces are still partially without power. Three reservoirs have reported to be operating flood discharge due to high water levels.
Note: At the request of the Start Network, this Briefing Note focuses only on the southcentral coastal region. However a significant area of Vietnam has been impacted by Tropical Storm Damrey. Outside the five provinces discussed in this note, nine other provinces were impacted to varying degrees. Particularly the shelter and NFI impacts in Da Nang, Thia Thein, and Bak Lak were comparable to those reported above. Thia Thien was significantly impacted regarding shelter with over 70,000 shelters partially damaged. Given the widespread impacts across Vietnam, national response resources will be stretched. (AHA, 08/11/2017; VDMA, 07/11/2017
Anticipated scope and scale
The current impact across the south-central provinces has yet to be fully assessed. Shelter damage is the most reported impact and will likely increase through further assessment. However, NFIs, food, health, and WASH needs will likely become more prominent in the coming days. In addition, the ongoing rain, which is forecast to continue for the coming days will only exacerbate the damage to shelters and road networks. There is also a possibility of more flooding and landslides. It is important to note that the scale of the situation expands beyond the scope of this report with significant impacts in the central-north as well. This may strain national capacities in the coming days.
Shelter and NFIs: Over 1,300 homes have been destroyed and over 122,000 have been partially damaged in the south-central provinces. Khanh Hoa province has reported the highest number of damaged shelters. Information on NFI needs is limited, but with a large number of damaged properties, high needs are expected.
Food and livelihoods: Agricultural land and marine livelihoods have been significantly impacted across the affected provinces. Over 12,000 hectares of agricultural land have been damaged. Local government bodies have indicated an urgent need for basic food supplies.
Health: Although there are currently no health needs identified, request for basic medicine and vaccinations indicates a potential need for those affected. In addition, the situation could aggravate an already nationally high level of dengue fever.