Venezuela

Report of the independent international fact-finding mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (A/HRC/45/33)

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Human Rights Council
Forty-fifth session
14 September–2 October 2020
Agenda item 4
Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention

Summary

The present report, submitted to the Human Rights Council pursuant to Council resolution 42/25, contains the findings of the independent international fact-finding mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. The report contains an overview of the mission’s findings with respect to extrajudicial executions; enforced disappearances; arbitrary detentions; and torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment committed in the country since 2014. The report concludes with the mission’s assessment of responsibilities for the violations found.

I. Introduction

  1. In its resolution 42/25, the Human Rights Council decided to establish an independent international fact-finding mission on the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to investigate extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, arbitrary detentions and torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment since 2014 with a view to ensuring full accountability for perpetrators and justice for victims.

  2. In the same resolution, the Council requested the fact-finding mission to present a report on its findings to the Council during its forty-fifth session. The mission produced the present report and an extended report, issued as a conference room paper, which contains more detail on incidents, analysis and conclusions.

  3. Also in the same resolution, the Council urged the authorities to cooperate fully with the fact-finding mission, to grant it immediate, full and unfettered access to and throughout the country, including to victims and places of detention, and to provide it with all the information necessary to fulfil its mandate.

  4. The mission sent correspondence to an official of the Government on six occasions between January and August 2020 and did not receive any response. The mission regrets that it was not able to meet with the Venezuelan authorities, either within or outside of the country, to discuss the mandate and to obtain relevant information.

  5. Lack of access to the country and travel restrictions related to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic presented challenges for the mission’s work, and in some respects led to a more restricted focus than would otherwise have been the case. Nonetheless, the mission was able to gather the information necessary to establish facts and draw conclusions in accordance with its mandate. The investigation has identified patterns and documented specific incidents establishing reasonable grounds to believe that violations of international human rights law have been committed, along with crimes under national and international criminal law.