Venezuela

IFRC Venezuela 2019 Plan (MAAVE003)

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BACKGROUND

Main challenges in country

In 2017, Venezuela had a total population of approximately 31.977,000 with an annual growth rate of 1.3%. Of this population 88.2% is urban and 11.8% rural. However, these figures have been affected by the increased in the exodus of Venezuelan citizens.

The national context has had an impact on the provision of basic services, supply and reserve of foreign currency, as well as access to fundamental goods and services. Unable to fulfil their basic needs, large sectors of the population face situations of vulnerability and are at risk.

The situation of internal tension in Venezuela has been increasing in recent months and continues to evolve rapidly. The recent developments have led to a deterioration of the previously challenging economic and social situation. Many in the general population do not have access to food, medical care and employment. Approximately 3.8 M people had left the country.

The worsening public health system is a central concern. Health professionals experience difficulties to deliver needed medical assistance, particularly in urgent cases. Shortages of medicines and medical items, and a lack of health personnel cause severe limitations in access to health care.