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Epidemiological Update - Measles - 1 December 2017

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Summary of the situation

Between October 2016 and September 2017, countries of the European Region reported 15,941 confirmed measles cases; 86% (n=13,712) of these cases were reported in 2017. In this period, the highest incidence was reported in Romania (252.4 cases per 1 million population), followed by Italy (82.4 cases per 1 million population) and Tajikistan (77.3 cases per 1 million population). In 2017, there were 20 measles deaths, including 10 reported in Romania.

In 2017, in the European Region, measles was confirmed by laboratory testing (serology, virus detection, or isolation) in 56% (7,725) of these cases, and the others were classified as epidemiologically linked or clinically compatible. The identified genotypes were D8 (n=405), B3 (n=547), H1 (n=22), and D9 (n=1).

Countries in other continents (China, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Mongolia, Nigeria, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, and Vietnam, among others) have also reported measles outbreaks between 2016 and 2017.