Tropical Cyclone Pam: Vanuatu - Health Cluster Bulletin #5, 25 April 2015

Situation Report
Originally published



  • Reactivation of health activities: Procurement of, and arrangement for transportation of equipment, infrastructure and supplies needed to restore health services at 8 priority sites ongoing. Human resource identification to fill vital gaps in service provision (national and international through FMT with specialised care capacity) continues.

  • Funding Gap: The funding situation for the health sector has improved over the past week with the OCHA financial tracking system (FTS) reporting that USD 2,344,813 (52.4%) of the requested USD 4,924,200 million for life saving emergency response activities has been covered. Health cluster partners have submitted project proposals in line with the Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP) requesting an additional 3.6 million USD to conduct vital early recovery activities.

  • FMTs: Foreign medical teams have provided medical consultations to over 10,500 patients in response to the cyclone.

  • Emergency Medical Evacuations: 73 medical evacuations have occurred in the past 6 weeks and while reducing in numbers are still directly (injuries) and indirectly (decreased service delivery capacity) related to the effects of cyclone Pam on the health system in Vanuatu.

  • Disease surveillance: 23 out of the planned 24 sentinel sites have come online now covering 14 islands across all 6 provinces. Diarrhoeal disease trends in Tafea and Shefa continue to increase including cases of bloody diarrhoea which are currently being investigated. Diarrhoeal disease is not only related to lack of, or poor quality of water but also to poor hygiene practices which need to be addressed through targeted IEC campaigning

  • Vector-borne disease: Environmental conditions (rubble, weather conditions, peak season for vector borne disease) proliferate the risk of vector breeding and vector borne disease respectively. Close collaboration between disease surveillance, information, education and communication (IEC) actors and partners engaged in community mobilisation are needed to monitor disease trends, sensitise the affected communities and ensure reduction of breeding sites through clean up campaigns

  • Nutrition: 6,390 children 6 to 59 months were screened for acute malnutrition in Tafea Province and 4,196 mothers of children under 24 months were reached with basic Infant and Young Child Feeding messages, or counselling