● As of 20 th March 2018, a total of 329 suspected dengue cases have been reported in Sanma, Shefa and Penama Province, out of which 52 have been confirmed by RDT.
● The highest number of confirmed cases was in week 9 and the trend is decreasing.
● DENV-2 serotype confirmed, same as in 2016-2017, which can explain the low number of cases reported.
● Cases are locally transmitted.
● Case definition: Fever for at least 2 days
PLUS two or more of the following;
Nausea or Vomiting
Muscle or Joint pain
Severe Headache or pain behind the eyes
● Age range: 1-85 years’ old
● Almost half (42%) are children below 14 years
● 55% Male, 45% Female
● 98% of the cases were from Sanma
Province. Areas presented with more dengue cases were, Sarakata, Banban, St Therese, Chapuis and second canal areas.
Symptoms / hospitalization
● 76% fever, 30% Severe headache, 23% Joint Pain, 19% Nausea/Vomiting, 11% Muscle pain, 4% Conjunctivitis, Rash and Retro-Orbital Pain
● No deaths, 6 Hospitalized
● 315 dengue Rapid Diagnosis Test (RDT) done
● 52 Positive Results:
o NS1 and IgM positive: 2 cases
o NS1 only: 34 cases
o IgM only: 16 Cases
● Four samples have been send to IPNC and confirmed positive for dengue by PCR and all four are confirmed to be DENV-2 serotype.
Public Health Response
● Awareness programs within communities focusing on:
o Dengue signs and symptoms and need to seek health care
o Preventive measures: personal protective from mosquito bites and removal of breeding sites around households.