On 13 Mar, Tropical Cyclone Pam made landfall as an extremely powerful category 5 cyclone.
Preliminary reports indicate that 90 percent of the structures on Efate, the most populous island, are damaged or destroyed. All commercial flights in and out of Port Villa, the capital, are currently grounded, with only military flights landing.
The IFRC Emergency Plan of Action states that emerging information points to massive humanitarian needs covering all sectors including shelter, emergency health, WASH and livelihoods. The Government issued a formal appeal for international assistance.1
250 kmphsustained wind speed
90% estimated structural damage on Efate island
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Tropical Cyclones Nathan and Pam have brought heavy rain and strong winds to coastal and highland provinces across the country. The Government estimates nearly 100,000 people are affected by flooding and strong winds. The Government has released over US$3 million for immediate relief assistance to those communities where food gardens, cash crops, and infrastructure were damaged.2
100,000 people affected
As of 13 Mar, nearly 65,000 people remain displaced because of continued insecurity, primarily in Maguindanao Province of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. Of these, over 56,000 people are staying in 44 evacuation centers. This marks a 20 percent decrease in displacement from the figure of 82,000 reported in 5 Mar. To date, the Government has provided over US$500,000 worth of relief assistance. 3
65,000 people displaced
44 evacuation centers
The Ag Da Kung, a public ferry travelling from Kyaukpyu to Sittwe, sank on the night of 13 Mar near Myebon, Rakhine State. Media reports indicate that167 passengers were rescued, while 32 people have been confirmed dead with dozens more still listed as missing.
The Myanmar Navy is conducting rescue operations, with the Myanmar Red Cross and other organizations assisting local authorities in the response.4
32 people killed
On 12 Mar, a cement factory that was under construction collapsed, killing eight people and injuring 41. The factory was located in Mongla Port, a city in Bagerhat district. Both the District Administration and the responsible construction company have provided compensation to the victims.5
NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
Tropical Storm Bavi has just passed over the island of Guam. There were no reports of damages. The storm is expected to further weaken to a tropical depression as it makes its way towards the northern Philippines.6
Tropical Storm Nathan is a Category 1 cyclone located off the northeast coast of Australia. It is projected to weaken to a tropical depression and turn back towards the city of Cairns. There are fears that this storm will bring further heavy rain to areas recently battered by Tropical Cyclone Pam.7
Other ongoing emergencies:
Philippines: Zamboanga crisis
Myanmar: Rakhine crisis
Myanmar: Kachin crisis
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.