The Annual Report to Congress for fiscal year (FY) 2016 was prepared in accordance with the Refugee Act of 1980. The report presents the activities, expenditures, and policies of the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) and information about the individuals receiving ORR benefits and services. A summary of the information contained in this report is outlined below.
Refugee Resettlement Program
• ORR’s funding level for the Refugee Resettlement Program, which is part of a lump sum appropriation, was $707,963,000.
• In FY 2016, 212,410 new arrivals were eligible for ORR-funded benefits and services. These arrivals represented six populations: refugees, asylees, Cuban/Haitian entrants, Special Immigrant Visa holders, Amerasians, and victims of trafficking. Refugees and Cuban/Haitian entrants accounted for the largest numbers of new arrivals. Among new arrivals, ORR served 84,994 refugees from 78 countries. The most common country of birth1 for refugees was the Democratic Republic of Congo.
• Refugees arrived in 48 states and the District of Columbia. Texas and California resettled the largest number of refugees.
• The Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Program served 1,846 children and youth, including 375 new enrollees.
• The Repatriation Program provided services to 617 U.S. citizens.
Unaccompanied Alien Children Program
• ORR’s funding level for the Unaccompanied Alien Children Program, which is part of a lump sum appropriation, was $948,000,000.
• ORR served 59,170 unaccompanied alien children referred to its care by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
• The majority of unaccompanied alien children placed in ORR custody were from three Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.
• Unaccompanied alien children were released to sponsors residing in 49 states and the District of Columbia.
Policy, Research, and Evaluation
• In FY 2016, ORR launched the ORR Monitoring Initiative to strengthen the effectiveness of ORR monitoring of grantees. As part of the Monitoring Initiative, ORR increased monitoring capacity by reviewing monitoring protocols and procedures.
• ORR conducted on-site monitoring and technical assistance for discretionary grantees. Additionally, ORR monitored refugee resettlement programs in nine states and Wilson/Fish programs.
• ORR completed the 50th Annual Survey of Refugees (ASR) while continuing its multi-year review of the ASR to ensure the survey offers representative data on the refugee population. The ASR tracked progress refugees made during their first five years in the United States.