• UNICEF, in collaboration with partners, supported the administering of examinations for 1,317 Burundian students, among whom 708 (59.2%) passed their exams and will receive official certificates issued by the National Examination Council that will be internationally recognized.
• Following the declaration of a cholera outbreak in Kigoma region, UNICEF provided 1,280,000 water guard tablets, 80 boxes of purifiers, IEC materials and sprayers to facilitate response in the two most affected districts reaching over 10,000 people. Following successful prevention and response actions, the Kigoma region was declared cholera free on 24 March 2017.
• Since January, 1,366 SAM cases among children have been admitted into SAM treatment programmes (supported by UNICEF) in the camps with performance of the programmes within SPHERE standards (the cure rate of SAM children is above 95%).
• Since January, over 15,000 children have been vaccinated through UNICEF support against measles and polio, and as a result of ongoing vaccination in the camps, no outbreak of vaccine preventable disease has been reported to date.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The ongoing political turmoil and violence in Burundi has led to over 400,000 Burundian refugees seeking asylum in neighbouring countries. Tanzania hosts the largest number of Burundian refugees in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, and when combined with the pre-existing caseload of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (62,000), the total number of refugees in Tanzania is over 315,000. The current influx of refugees from Burundi averages 17 people per day, a significant decrease from 45 new arrivals per day in April. This can be attributed to the Government policy change on refugee status determination moving from the prima facie determination to individual determination. While the socio-political situation in Burundi and DRC remains tense and unpredictable, cross –border influxes are expected to continue throughout 2017. The persistent flow of refugees places pressure on the already overstretched facilities and services in the host community and refugee camps. Without counting new arrivals, the refugee population continues to grow with over 50 babies born in the three refugee camps every day.
Children and women are particularly affected, suffering from limited social services, overstretched health and nutrition facilities, and an inadequate number of schools. In Tanzania, approximately 57 per cent of the refugee population are children under 18 years, and children under five comprise 22 per cent of the entire refugee population (UNHCR statistical report June 2017). Refugees in Tanzania are hosted in three refugee camps in North western Tanzania (Nyarugusu, Mtendeli and Nduta), and all three camps are beyond their carrying capacity. Malaria remains the leading cause of morbidity accounting for 30% of all Out Patient Department (OPD) attendances, followed by Pneumonia (18%) and acute watery diarrhea (6%). Protection concerns such as sexual and gender-based violence are significant. There are also insufficient number of classrooms and teachers leading to overcrowding of schools. This has led to some students being taught underneath the shade of trees.