On 22 May, UNHCR and 17 partners launched the Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) to protect and assist up to 200,000 Burundian refugees in the neighbouring countries. Since early April, nearly 100,000 Burundians have fled political turmoil, violence and intimidation and sought safety in neighbouring Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As the situation in Burundi remains tense and violence continues to be reported, UNHCR and partners fear that the number of refugees may double by September 2015. Under the six-month plan, participating agencies have appealed for USD 207 million for basic protection and assistance activities.
On 18 May, Tanzanian authorities announced the outbreak of cholera among Burundian refugees. Containment measures to deal with a cholera epidemic, that has claimed some 30 lives among refugees and the local community, appear to be functioning with no new deaths reported since 21 May. UNHCR,
WHO, and partners are working closely with the Tanzanian health authorities to ensure treatment of patients and to strengthen prevention measures, including improved access to safe water and sanitation.
Nearly 90,000 Burundian refugees and asylum-seekers have arrived in the neighbouring countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the United Republic of Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda since the beginning of April 2015.