Tanzania Humanitarian Situation Report (October - November 2017)
Through successful advocacy from UNICEF and UNHCR with the Governments of Tanzania and Burundi, the second round of examinations took place in October 2017 for 1469 Burundian secondary students. UNICEF support covers all the exams costs: printing of exams, logistical movement of exam supervisors as well as the training to teachers who support the students leading up to the exam period.
UNICEF is working closely with the Regional Community Health Management Team in Uvinza district (adjacent district to the camps) to enhance cholera prevention and response including hygiene promotion and strengthening surveillance. UNICEF has also deployed some medical supplies in support of case management. Cholera sensitization in all refugee zones is ongoing through household and community meetings.
A total of 11,055 Burundian refugees were assisted to voluntarily repatriate to Burundi since the commencement of the Voluntary Repatriation Operation led by the Government of Tanzania and supported by UNHCR and partners. UNICEF has worked together with UNHCR and NGOs to strengthen procedures for the safe return of unaccompanied and separated children.
UNICEF participated in the Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) to identify strengths and gaps in the refugee operation as well as to define opportunities to improve the food and nutrition security of refugees and asylum seekers. The JAM included a thematic group working with host communities, with a view to informing the further advancement of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in Tanzania.
Situation in Numbers
316,641 # of refugees and asylum seekers;
Burundians and Congolese in three camps (UNHCR, 31 October 2017)
180,485 (57%) # of refugee children in need of humanitarian assistance. (UNHCR, 31 October 2017)
11,055 # of refugees who have voluntarily returned to Burundi of the 33,000 registered.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Tanzania is hosting 314,797 refugees from Burundi the Democratic Republic of Congo in the camps in North West Tanzania. Over 57 percent of the refugee population are children below 18 years and almost three quarters of the entire population are children and women1 . More than 5000 children are unaccompanied and separated. Protection concerns such as sexual and gender-based violence are significant.
Refugees in Tanzania are hosted in three camps (Nyarugusu, Mtendeli and Nduta), all of which are overcrowded and there is an inadequate number of schools, a shortage of water, and health and nutrition facilities are overstretched. Malaria is the leading cause of morbidity, accounting for 30 per cent of all Out-Patient Department (OPD) attendances.
There were no new arrivals from Burundi reported in October but since the last week of November, there were reports of new daily arrivals from Burundi in Kasange border in Ngara. During this period, a total of 1,893 asylum seekers (640 Burundians and 1253 Congolese) were received into Tanzania and are hosted in the transit center in Manyovu pending government screening and clearance. The new arrival patterns are linked to population movements across borders as well as variations in border screening measures. Sinnce the commencement of voluntary repatriation in September 2017, 11,055 refugees of the 33,000 registered have voluntarily returned to Burundi following the tripartite agreement between the governments of Tanzania, Burundi and the UNHCR. The new arrivals are coming from different areas of Burundi than those refugees who are returning home to relatively safer areas.
While the socio-political situation in Burundi and DRC remains unpredictable, and cross –border influxes are expected to continue into 2018. Without counting new arrivals, the refugee population continues to grow with over 1500 babies born each month.