Tanzania Humanitarian Situation Report, December 2016 (covering October – November)
The rate of refugee arrivals per day from both Burundi and DRC remained the same as last reporting period with influxes ranging between 250 and 776 per day. Lack of a fourth camp location continues to overstretch the three established camps.
Prevention and rapid response to cholera cases outside the camps has stemmed further spread.
Much needed school supplies have arrived and plans to hold national exams in the camps are underway.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
191,626 New refugee arrivals from Burundi and DRC (plus births) since May 2015 (UNHCR 27 November 2016)
253,384 Total refugees in Tanzania from Burundi and DRC - combined old and new caseloads (UNHCR 27 November 2016)
109,161 Refugee children (0 – 17 years of age) (UNHCR 27 November 2016)
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
During October and November, 21,624 new refugees from Burundi and DRC crossed into Tanzania. This is similar to the influx rate during August and September. However, preliminary figures from December indicate the rate of increase has further slowed during the holiday period. Nonetheless, the daily flow of refugees places a constant strain on already overstretched resources. All three refugee camps are beyond their intended capacity and the delays in finding a suitable fourth camp site is leading to overcrowding and stretching of resources, particularly for water and space for temporary schools. The decision to place all new refugee arrivals in Nduta camp means the camp is being rapidly expanded, including into areas where topography and geology is not ideal for digging of latrines and drainage.
The refugee population is young with children comprising 57% of the population and children under five comprising one-fifth of the entire population of new arrivals. Even without new refugee arrivals, the population continues to grow with 5,523 babies born in the camps in the past 21 months. This young population requires shelter, food, health care, safe water and sanitation, protection, schools and recreation.