A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA) weather forecast indicated above normal rainfall for the period from March and May 2020 with risks of flooding in some regions. As expected, a total of five regions are now experiencing flooding because of increased rainfall, displacing thousands of people. Indeed, from 22 to 26 April 2020, the country has recorded increased rainfall in the northern part where seven regions (Kilimanjaro, Kagera, Katavi, Mara, Manyara, Kigoma and Rukwa) are reporting flooding and landslides since April 24. Earlier this year, Lindi and Pwani regions in the south east of the country were the first to experience flooding, for which TRCS was granted CHF 498,960 DREF allocation to ensure relief to 1,702 displaced families in Lindi region.
Following the disaster on 24 April, Tanzania Red Cross branches and local Government Authorities in the respective areas launched joint rescue operations and conducted rapid needs assessments. These rapid assessments conducted in 5 regions revealed that 4,409 households (16,210) people were directly affected by the raging floods. Four (4) deaths were reported in Moshi District, 26 injuries (2 in Moshi District Council (MC), 9 in Moshi MC, 14 in Katavi and 1 in Rukwa) from which one injury was because of crocodile bite.
Out of the affected 4,409 households (HH), the houses of 2,108 HH (10,540 people) were either damaged or fully submerged in water, rendering these families homeless. These families are currently temporarily hosted in makeshift camps, schools and government buildings. In addition, the flooding has resulted in loss of livelihoods with over 752 acres of farmland with crops destroyed, livestock carried away and latrines destroyed. The flooding has also caused serious infrastructural damage, destroying access roads, bridges, water sources and electricity power lines. Destruction of roads and bridges hampered the speed with which the rapid assessment could be conducted.
This flooding has occurred at a time when the country is facing other disasters, including the COVID-19 pandemic, with the number of confirmed cases rapidly increasing in the country. The spike of COVID-19 cases from 32 to 480 in a month’s time is now causing fear and panic in the country and families in the makeshift camps are highly exposed as a result of congestion, with little to no ability to respect social distancing recommendation. The situation is even more concerning as three (3) of the floods affected regions have reported COVID-19 cases: Kagera 2, Kilimanjaro 2 and Mara 4.
Tanzania is confronted with various disasters at the same time, and TRCS continues to respond to the Floods in Lindi Region, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the recent floods in the regions targeted through this DREF operation. As such, this DREF request will focus on support to further detailed assessments, distribution of household items (HHIs), health promotion and hygiene promotion to the most affected areas of Kilimanjaro, Kagera, Mara, Katavi and Rukwa regions where the impact of flash floods, river overflow and landslide have been the greatest. The IFRC surge team that was initially deployed to support the DREF operation in Lindi (1 operations manager and 1 logistician) remain on the ground and will also support the procurement process and implementation of this DREF operation, which is essentially for replenishment. Since the NS has recently completed a similar procurement process for Lindi DREF operation, it may have the possibility to simply repeat orders to ensure quick response. In addition, most planned activities include health software (health promotion, PSS), which can be implemented by volunteers from the branches. As regards the overall operational management, both IFRC EA CCST project manager and TRCS have strong support from the operation management surge, who is still in TZ and will also support this operation.