Tanzania: Floods - Emergency Plan of Action, DREF operation n° MDRTZ021

Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Heavy rainfall occurred in different parts of Tanzania mainland and Zanzibar from 12 to 18 April 2018, causing floods. The flood affected regions include Dar es Salaam (Kinondoni, Ilala, Temeke and Kigamboni Municipals); Arusha (Arusha District Council, Meru, Longido, Monduli districts); Zanzibar; Kilimanjaro (Same, Hai, Mwanga districts); Tanga (Handeni, Lushoto districts); Manyara (Simanjiro, Kiteto, Babati districts); Tabora (Nzega and Kaliua districts); Pwani (Mafia and Rufiji districts); Mwanza, Morogoro, Dodoma, Mbeya, Rukwa, Mtwara, Shinyanga, and Geita.

Immediately after the flooding occurred, TRCS deployed a National Disaster Response Team (NDRT), a Branch Disaster Response Team (BDRT) and volunteers from TRCS branches of Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar to evacuate affected people, administer first aid to people in need and conduct a rapid initial assessment of the situation.

The evacuations and first aid activities are ongoing in Arusha due to the continuous flooding. Given the limited means available in country to respond fully to this emergency, Tanzania Red Cross Society (TRCS) is requesting CHF 196,499 from the International Federation of Red cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to launch a relief operation.

This DREF operation will focus on the most affected regions, which are Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. Based on TRCS volunteer assessment and Dar es Salaam Multi-Agency Emergency Response Team (DARMAERT) reports, a total of 15,862 people are directly affected by floods in Zanzibar, Arusha and Dar es Salaam. The death toll as at now is 15 people in Dar es Salaam and one (01) person in Arusha. Additionally, 11 people were severely injured in Dar es Salaam.

In Arusha a total of 548 households have been displaced due to the floods and 203 houses are damaged. In Dar es Salaam, some 2,151 households are displaced, 42 houses and 21 latrines completely collapsed and 342 houses severely damaged (DARMAERT & TRCS assessment, 2018). In the island of Zanzibar, 191 households have been displaced and 225 houses damaged. As a result of this, the majority of flood victims sought refuge with relatives and neighbours while 19 households did not relocate and continue living in houses full of water which is a big health risk. It should be noted that the rescue and evacuation of families is carrying on in Arusha due to the continuous heavy downpour.

Summary of the current response

Overview of Host National Society.

As highlighted in the description of the disaster, TRCS deployed a National Disaster Response Team (NDRT), a Branch Disaster Response Team (BDRT) and volunteers from TRCS branches of Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar to evacuate affected people and administer first aid to people in need, immediately after the flooding occurred. A total of 150 volunteers are involved in the emergency interventions in the three regions.

Tanzania Red Cross regional branches conducted a rapid impact and needs assessments from 14-16th April to assess the damage and needs on the ground. Based on the initial findings, TRCS did an initial distribution with prepositioned stock which only covered Dar es Salaam due to the limited stock available.