Tanzania: Floods DREF Bulletin No. MDRTZ002 Final Report

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered by this Final Report: 27 May to 30 November 2006.

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

CHF 73,000 was allocated from the Federation's DREF to respond to the needs of this operation. Refer to http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/06/MDRTZ002.pdf for the DREF Bulletin.

An Interim Final Report was issued on 12 January 2007. This operation was implemented for 6 months, and was completed on 30 November 2006.

This operation was aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and Summary

Floods, reported on 15 May 2006 along the low lands of northern Kilimanjaro(1), in Tanzania, left at least 19,000 people homeless and submerged 998 houses following a heavy downpour. Some of the displaced families, of whom an estimated 20 percent and 52 percent were children and women respectively, were initially hosted by relatives and neighbors, while others sought shelter in schools. By destroying at least 1,459 hectares of crops as well as harvested produce, the floods introduced a new hardship to the residents of Moshi (near Mount Kilimanjaro) who are still experiencing food insecurity conditions.

According to the local authorities in Moshi, the floods swept away hundreds of livestock and led to the collapse of 11 homes. Floodwaters also damaged water systems and filled pit latrines, thus increasing the risk of water contamination. This presented a threat of waterborne disease outbreaks, such as cholera. Some household items, including buckets, cooking pots and plates, were swept away by the floods. Normal livelihoods were interrupted including schools attendance, as the schools were closed for up to two weeks.

The floods in Moshi mostly affected communities which were just emerging from a long spell of drought and food insecurity. According to the local inhabitants in Kochakindo (one of the affected villages), following five consecutive years of harsh dry weather conditions, the initial rains that fell raised expectations of the farmers for better harvests. However, prolonged and heavy rains dashed these hopes as crops began to succumb to the heavy downpours and were swept across most fields. The floods also led to difficulties in mobility as some roads became inaccessible. The low lands in Moshi Rural District were the most affected; in total, 18 villages and the adjacent farming fields were affected. They included Ghona, Kisangesangeni, Kilototoni, Kiterini, Kochakindo, Kyomu, Mabungo, Makaa, Mandaka, Mawalla, Mnono, Mwangaria, Ngasini, Oria, Rau River, Soko, Uchira and Yamu.

Analysis of the operation - objectives, achievements and impact

The Tanzania Red Cross National Society (TRCNS), in collaboration with government authorities and other actors, carried out assessments on the impact of the floods, immediate needs and action to be taken. On 22 May 2006, TRCNS received CHF 73,000 from the International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support its response to the emergency for six months. The national society planned to do so through the provision of food, non-food items (NFIs) and the reconstruction of water and sanitation facilities.

Goal: To alleviate the suffering of families affected by flooding in Moshi District.

Objective 1 (Non-food items): To provide essential non-food items to a total of 600 households that have been badly affected by floods in Moshi District.


TRCNS and local government officials identified beneficiaries on the basis of the most affected and came up with beneficiary lists as well as a distribution plan. The distribution exercise was conducted from 5 to 9 June 2006. Red Cross volunteers, in collaboration with respective local government and village disaster committees, distributed relief items directly to targeted households. The purchase and delivery of NFIs was done by the Federation's regional delegation in Nairobi. The items were transported from Kenya to Tanzania on 2 June 2006 by trucks. The TRCNS headquarters facilitated follow-ups on customs clearance of the imported items and supported the Kilimanjaro TRCNS team in supervision and overall management of the operation.

(1) Kilimanjaro region is located in the north eastern part of Tanzania covering an area of 12,406 square kilometres, with an approximate population of 1.5 million people.