Since March 2015, socio-political tensions have been rising in Burundi ahead of various election processes. The Presidential elections, postponed several times and finally held on 21 July, were considered a critical milestone for the long-term peace and stability of the country. Although this election took place without major incidents, continuing tension between the Government and the opposition has marred the political landscape and polarized the limited political space. Protests between supporters of the opposing political parties became increasingly violent, initially in the capital Bujumbura, then quickly spreading to the rest of the country. In particular, intimidation by the Imbonerakure — the armed and increasingly violent youth wing of Burundi’s ruling party, the National Council for the Defence of Democracy-Forces for the Defence of Democracy (CNDD-FDD) - has been cited as one of the main reasons for Burundians to have fled to neighbouring countries. Since the beginning of April, there has been a steady outflow of Burundians firstly into Rwanda and, from May onwards, increasingly into the United Republic of Tanzania (Tanzania), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Uganda and, to a lesser extent, even as far away as Zambia.