Ukraine – Transition Strategy (17 November 2017)
Due to ongoing instability and conflict in Ukraine since April 2014, areas primarily in the eastern part of the country have experienced a deteriorating humanitarian situation. Heavy shelling and armed conflict has led to significant displacement of people. The population in the most affected areas, Donetsk and Luhansk, experienced limited or no access to humanitarian aid, including basic life-saving services, and faced security threats. In response to this situation in 2014, the following clusters were activated: Education; Emergency Shelter & NFIs; Food Security; Health & Nutrition; Livelihoods / Early Recovery; Protection; and WASH. The Ukraine Logistics Cluster was activated on February 24, 2015.
The operating environment in the districts of Donetsk and Luhansk was (and partly still is) volatile, with significant implications on the protection of civilians, aid workers and on the assessment of needs and the delivery of assistance.
The main justification for the activation of the Logistics Cluster in 2015 were:
“the humanitarian community has requested the Logistics Cluster to help coordinate and facilitate the movement and handling of supplies into the conflict zone, based on the priorities set by the Humanitarian Coordinator. In addition, a need was expressed by the humanitarian community to set up common temporary storage space on both sides of the conflict line. These services are initially on a free to user base.
As the humanitarian intervention in Ukraine currently scales up, with a high turn-over of staff and a high number of incoming new actors, who have limited familiarity with coordination mechanisms, a clear need for a strong and experienced logistics coordination actor – namely the Logistics Cluster – has been identified.” Furthermore the initial absence of (and later the frequently changing) processes for cross-line cargo delivery, required a coordination mechanism and advocacy body.
In light of those objectives the Logistics Cluster established a coordination and information management hub in Kiev, a cargo consolidation hub in Dnipro (former Dnipropetrovsk) and a convoy facilitation, coordination and storage hub in Donetsk.
This document intends to provide an analysis of the current status of humanitarian logistics in the Ukraine operation as well as it draws a plan on the way forward.