Hostilities, featuring at times the intense shelling of civilian areas, continued to rage in eastern Ukraine during the reporting period.
WFP warns that acute hunger globally is expected to rise by 47 million people due to the war in Ukraine.
As of 2 June, the UN and humanitarian partners have reached 7.8 million people across Ukraine, a 3 per cent increase compared with 26 May.
Since 24 February, Ukraine Humanitarian Fund has allocated US$91 million to 55 humanitarian projects, targeting 4.9 million people.
Situation Overview as of 12 p.m. on 8 June
General security and humanitarian situation. Hostilities, featuring at times the intense shelling of civilian areas, continued to rage in eastern Ukraine during the reporting period, especially in Luhanska and Donetska oblasts. Fighting was reported to continue to be focused on the administrative centre of Sievierodonetsk and other cities and towns in Government-controlled areas (GCA) of Luhanska oblast, but there were also many reports of shelling and multiple civilian casualties to the south in Donetska oblast up to Donetsk city located in non-Government-controlled areas (NGCA). On 3 June, for example, there were continued reports of fighting within Sievierodonetsk and of residential houses being destroyed with civilian casualties there and in other settlements in Luhanska oblast, including Lysychansk. Also, once again during the week, there continued to be air and missile strikes in other oblasts across Ukraine. On 1 June, railway infrastructure in western Lvivska oblast was reportedly hit, with three civilians injured. On 4 June, shelling was reported in Odeska oblast in the south and Sumska oblast in the north-east. On 5 June, at least five missiles reportedly struck Kyiv city and the surrounding area in northern Ukraine for the first time in weeks. On both 5 and 7 June, shelling was reported in central Dnipropetrovska oblast, and, on 7 June, there were more missile attacks recorded in Kharkiv in eastern Kharkivska oblast. Other significant attacks and incidents included the reported repeated shelling of the historic Sviatohirska Lavra Orthodox monastery complex in Donetska oblast.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres made a statement on 3 June, marking 100 days since the start of the 24 February Russian Federation invasion of Ukraine. He commented in part on how "the conflict has already taken thousands of lives, caused untold destruction, displaced millions of people, resulted in unacceptable violations of human rights and is inflaming a three-dimensional global crisis -- food, energy and finance -- that is pummeling the most vulnerable people, countries and economies." The Secretary-General also noted, however, that from the first days of the war, the UN has been there to support the people of Ukraine in coping with the humanitarian impacts while also drawing attention to the dangers and long-term implications of continued fighting and potential escalation of hostilities for the country, the wider region and the world."As we mark this tragic day," Secretary-General Guterres continued, "I renew my call for an immediate halt to violence, for unfettered humanitarian access to all those in need, for the safe evacuation of civilians trapped in areas of fighting and for urgent protection of civilians and respect for human rights in accordance with international norms." He stressed that the UN is committed to the humanitarian effort while also saying that it stands ready to support all efforts at negotiations and dialogue to resolve the ongoing war. In his own statement on the 100-day milestone, Assistant Secretary-General and UN Crisis Coordinator for Ukraine Amin Awad also spoke about the unacceptable toll of the war on people, how it has engulfed virtually all aspects of civilian life, and how it would have no "winner."
Civilian casualties and impact on civilian infrastructure. There continued to be accounts of civilians killed and injured daily. Along with the worst of the hostilities, most were reported in Donetska and Luhanska oblasts, and most were a result of the shelling of civilian areas and civilian infrastructure, including schools. On 3 June, two Reuters journalists were reportedly injured, and their driver killed in shelling near Sievierodonetsk. Meanwhile, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has verified more than 9,400 civilian causalities in Ukraine since 24 February. According to OHCHR, as of 7 June, the number of civilian casualties stands at 9,444 in the country: 4,266 killed and 5,178 injured, according to OHCHR. More than half (5,412) of all casualties so far verified have been recorded in GCA and NGCA of Donetska and Luhanska oblasts. The actual number of civilian casualties across Ukraine is likely considerably higher, as the receipt of information from some locations where intense hostilities have been going on has been delayed, and many reports are still pending corroboration.
There have continued to be multiple reports of civilian infrastructure being damaged in the hostilities, especially in eastern Ukraine. On 2 June, for example, Donetska oblast authorities updated that the water supply had been disrupted for two weeks already in several cities -- including Sloviansk and part of Kramatorsk -- due to damaged electricity infrastructure. Meanwhile, water supply also reportedly remained limited in Donetsk city in the NGCA of Donetska oblast.
Impact on health. It was reported on 6 June that quarantine had been imposed in the city of Mariupol, NGCA of Donetska oblast, to mitigate a potential outbreak of cholera and dysentery. It has also been reported that the movement of Mariupol's remaining residents was being tightly controlled. Several UN agencies, including the World Health Organization (WHO), have previously voiced concerns about deteriorating conditions in Mariupol and a potential cholera outbreak.
The war in Ukraine continues to impact the mental health of millions of Ukrainians. Ukraine's Ministry of Health estimates that 15 million people might require psychological support and treatment due to war-related trauma and stress, with 3 to 4 million potentially requiring medication-assisted treatment. Multiple UN agencies have also been raising the alarm about the long-term mental health impact of the war in Ukraine.
Food security. Also acknowledging 100 days of the invasion, on 3 June, UN News Service reported how UN humanitarians issued a fresh alert about alarming and rising levels of food insecurity and how the UN has continued to push to secure food and fertilizer exports from Ukraine and the Russian Federation to the wider world. Crisis Coordinator for Ukraine Amin Awad confirmed that the UN has been making every effort to secure the release of grain trapped in Ukraine's Black Sea ports, noting that a secure supply of fertilizer from the Russian Federation, a major world producer, is equally important for the world's farmers. The Crisis Coordinator said that some 1.5 billion people around the world are in need of the trapped food and fertilizers, adding that he hoped the negotiations "really go in a smooth manner and be concluded as soon as possible so that the blockade of ports and the resumption of export of fertilizer and food takes place before we have another crisis in hand." Mr. Awad added that, although humanitarians have explored different ways of transporting grain from Ukraine, the only viable solution is by sea, given the huge amount of cereals and other essential foodstuffs produced. "The 5 million tons a month, that's 100 ships a month," he said, saying that rail or truck transport could not manage the same volume and would be fraught with logistical problems. "So, this really has to be a maritime movement ... to export 50 to 60 million tons of food out to the world."
Separately, local authorities in the city of Mykolaiv (Mykolaivska oblast south) reported on 5 June that shelling had destroyed two grain storehouses-- prompting EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrel Fontelles to comment that it was another example of a missile strike "contributing to the global food crisis." The Emergency Coordinator for the World Food Programme (WFP) in Ukraine, Matthew Hollingworth, in his statement marking 100 days of the war, noted that "the war has transformed what is usually a 'breadbasket of the world' into a major humanitarian crisis." He added that Ukrainian grain fed 400 million people around the world last year. Now, in more than 120 countries where WFP works, acute hunger is expected to rise by 47 million people if the conflict in Ukraine continues unabated -- that is a staggering 17 per cent jump -- with the steepest rises in sub-Saharan Africa.
Impact on human rights. The UN Human Rights Council (HRC) on 3 June announced that members of the UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine would undertake their first mission to the country from 7 to 16 June. HRC said that the commissioners intend to visit several locations in Ukraine, including Kharkiv, Kyiv (Kyivska oblast, north), Lviv( Lvivska oblast) and Sumy (Sumska oblast), "to get first-hand information on alleged human rights violations and abuses, and international humanitarian law violations, and to meet with victims, witnesses and internally displaced persons." HRC said that the three commissioners taking part in the mission are expected to meet with Government officials as well as members of civil society and UN agencies to discuss the situation in the country. It explained that the UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine is an independent body mandated by HRC "to, among other things, investigate all alleged violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, and related crimes in the context of the aggression against Ukraine by the Russian Federation; to establish the facts, circumstances and root causes of any such violations and abuses; and to collect, consolidate and analyze evidence of such violations and abuses, including their gender dimension, in view of any future legal proceedings." The commissioners are to hold a press conference toward the conclusion of their mission on 15 June, and then the commission is to submit reports on its activities to the General Assembly in October and to the HRC next March.
Impacts on older people. The NGO network HelpAge International on 3 June announced the results of a new survey, focusing on millions of older Ukrainians caught up in the war and who, HelpAge says, are being overlooked in the humanitarian response despite making up a quarter of the country's population. HelpAge said that the survey was conducted in western and central Ukraine and that it offers an insight into the challenges and specific needs of displaced people over 60. It said, among the findings, almost 9 out of 10older people (89 per cent) have a health condition-- including hypertension (57 per cent), heart problems (50 per cent), joint aches and pains (41 per cent) and gastrointestinal issues (20 per cent)-- and only 43 per cent have full access to medication while 12 per cent have no access at all. Also, 43 per cent of respondents said that they have at least one disability, with just over a third (34 per cent) saying they have mobility issues. Almost three-quarters (74 per cent) said their biggest need was cash-- to give them the freedom to access what they need most.When asked what their secondary needs were, 7in 10 (70 per cent) said medicine and healthcare and 6in 10(61 per cent) said hygiene items-- while 8 per cent said they have no access to safe drinking water.Meanwhile, only half of the respondents were formally registered as internally displaced persons (IDPs) and received social benefits. HelpAge said it is calling, in part, on humanitarian organizations in Ukraine, countries hosting Ukrainians and UN bodies to consider older people's specific needs when it comes to the health care they receive and their rights and making them central to the wider humanitarian response.
Impacts on education. International NGOSave the Children, in its report marking 100 days of the war, pointed out the deeply concerning statistic that twice as many Ukrainian schools have so far been attacked since 24 February as during the first seven years of the conflict. Save the Children, citing Ukraine's Ministry of Education and Science, reported that at least 1,888 schools have been damaged or destroyed by shelling and bombardments since the conflict escalated in February-- or more than double the number of such attacks recorded in eastern Ukraine from 2014 to 2021, when about 750 schools were damaged, destroyed or forced to close.One devastating result is that the war has disrupted the education of all 7.5 million children who were living in Ukraine at the start of 2022.
Displacement. The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has reported that more than 4.8 million individual refugees from Ukraine have been recorded across Europe, including over 3.2 million Ukrainians who have applied for protection. In addition, according to UNHCR, some 7.2 million border crossings from Ukraine have been registered since 24 February, while 2.3 million border crossings back to Ukraine have been registered since 28 February. The agency specified that these figures represent the number of cross-border movements rather than the numbers of individuals involved and that movements back into Ukraine may be "pendular," back and forth, and do not necessarily indicate long-term returns of Ukrainians who previously fled their homes -- in part because the situation across the country remains highly volatile and unpredictable. The recorded figure of 4.8 million individual refugees from Ukraine is an estimate because potential further movements or returns could not be calculated. Out of 3.2 million Ukrainians who have registered for temporary protection or similar national protection schemes in Europe -- 1.15 million registered in Poland, 780,000 in Germany, over 366,000 in the Czech Republic, nearly 126,000 in Italy and over 118,000 in Spain.
During the reporting period, more people evacuated or tried to evacuate from areas of active fighting. Ukraine's Joint Forces Task Force reported more than 6,100 people evacuated from areas of active hostilities in eastern Ukraine between 1 and 6 June. Separately, the local authorities in southeastern Zaporizka oblast reported that an evacuation of private vehicles to NGCA of the oblast planned for 3 June was blocked by the threat of shelling and a washed-out road near Kamianske. In Luhanska oblast, 98 people were reported to have been evacuated from Lysychansk on 5 June despite continuous shelling, while evacuations from Sievierodonetsk, where an estimated 15,000 people remain, were reportedly impossible that day. Then on 7 June, 56 people, including two people with low mobility, were reportedly evacuated from Lysychansk and Hirska hromada. Separately, the Russian Federation reported that, as of 8June, 1,730,556 people, including 278,939 children, had crossed to the Russian Federation from the territory of Ukraine after 24 February. Meanwhile, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) estimates that, as of 1 June, just over1 million people (1,041,095) had crossed into the Russian Federation.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.