Ukraine

Ukraine: Protection Cluster Factsheet - September 2018 [EN/RU/UK]

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PROTECTION CONCERNS

  • Civilian casualties: In September, OHCHR recorded 20 conflict-related civilian casualties (5 killed and 15 injured). Three boys were killed and one severely injured due to a landmine explosion near Horlivka (Donetsk NGCA). Overall, mine and ERW-related incidents accounted for 50% of casualties.

  • Security: On 11 September, a school in Zolote-5 (Luhansk NGCA) came under fire and children were evacuated to bomb shelters.

  • Freedom of movement: The number of crossings acrossthe contact line has decreased by 14% compared to the previous month. In September, all five checkpoints have reduced their operations by three hours (functioning from 07.30-18.30). Also, ‘Stanytsia Luhanska’ checkpoint was closed during 2-7 September due to reconstruction works.
    On 28 September, ‘Hnutove’ checkpoint (Donetsk GCA) was shelled, causing approximately 50 people waiting in the queue to evacuate to bomb shelters.
    In Donetsk NGCA, de-facto authorities issued a clarification of the Decree No. 363 regulating travel to GCA. The clarification provides a list of civil servant positions who are not allowed to travel to GCA. Lower rank employees have to obtain permission from the self-proclaimed DPR ‘Ministry of Defence’ to travel to GCA.

  • Settlements along the contact line: In Zolote-4, an area also known as Hutir Vilniy, (Luhansk region), that was located between the military positions of the parties to the conflict, Ukrainian Armed Forces entered two streets, occupying empty houses, on 21 September. On 24 September, armed groups of so-called LPR moved into the remaining two streets, occupying the houses of about 30 people, who were asked to leave. As both sides established their positions near civilian homes, 67 remaining residents are now affected by daily shelling.

  • Access to education: With the beginning of the school year, 28 children in three settlements along the contact line are facing difficulties with access to schools and kindergartens in GCA, due to lack of public transport, break-downs of school bus or impassible roads.

  • Access to basic services: On 25 September, cases of tap water poisoning were reported in Makiivka (Donetsk, NGCA), allegedly due to poor water treatment.

  • Collective Centers: Two IDP families with disabilities were threatened with eviction from the collective center Sviati Hory (Donetsk GCA). The number of conflicts between residents are rising, as extremely vulnerable people live for the fourth year in accommodation with substandard living conditions, and are threatened with eviction.