Ukraine

Ukraine: Protection Cluster Factsheet - February 2018 [EN/RU/UK]

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Protection Concerns

  • Security situation: In February 2018, OHCHR recorded seven people injured (two men, two women and three children).
  • Mine Action: On February 6, three children (3, 9 and 14 years old) were injured after an unknown explosive device they found on the street detonated in their hands in Krasnohorivka (Donetsk, GCA).
  • Freedom of movement: Large queues were observed at Maiorsk, Cargill and Olenivka checkpoints in Donetsk NGCA due to lack of equipment and training for personnel.
  • Settlements along the contact line: The lack of public transport remains a problem in most settlements along the contact line in Bakhmutskyi, Volnovaskyi, Mariinskyi and Yasynuvatskyi Raions. People need to travel to the nearest towns to get access to basic services and employment, as due to the conflict they lost jobs in their settlements and can no longer cultivate land contaminated with mines and UXOs.
  • HLP rights: Military occupation of civilian property remains a key protection concern in conflict affected areas. According to local authorities, 11 houses are occupied by the military in villages Nevelske, Karlivka and Halytsynivka (Donetsk GCA). There is no mechanism for compensation for civilians who are left to pay for damaged property and debts for utilities, following military occupation.
  • Collective centers: IDPs living in the prefabricated houses in Zaporizhzhia need to move out asthe three year term of use for the housing units expired in February 2018. Remaining residents do not have options for alternative accommodation. Electricity is occasionally switched off due to debts.
  • Access to social benefits and pensions: About 135 people residing in villages Novooleksandrivka (Luhansk GCA), Hladosove and Travneve (Donetska GCA) face challenges related to receiving of pensions and social benefits. Although these settlements are under the control of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, they were included in the list of settlements, where state authorities temporarily do not exercise their functions.