An estimated 3.9 million people live in areas directly affected by violence.
Prolonged period of insecurity and intensification of fighting in some areas of Donbas has quickly diminished the resilience of the affected population, while also reducing the capacity of the local structures to respond. Fighting has caused significant damage to local infrastructure affecting access to basic life-supporting services and supplies.
Health provisions are running low, and an estimated 70% of health personnel have fled the area. That leaves access to medical care significantly reduced. There is a high risk for an outbreak of tuberculosis and waterborne diseases. Constant shelling makes access to humanitarian aid near to impossible. Residents willing to flee Luhansk and Donetsk cities to neighouring areas cannot do so due to high security risks, lac k of public transport, and damaged infrastructure.
Evacuation corridors from conflict areas to government controlled areas have been unilaterally set up, though many people are afraid to use these. For the IDPs that managed to flee the conflict zones, basic food and non-food item s are a priority need, as they only manage to take limited personal belongings with them . As a result of the increasing number of IDPs, it will b e important to scale up the response, including of international assistance, to meet the basic Situation overview humanitarian needs of the affected population. The approaching school year (1 September) and the start of the heating season (mid-October) present additional challenges. Alternative shelter is required for IDPs residing in student dormitories and sanatoria, most of which are ill-equipped to house people beyond the summer.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.