The UN in Ukraine launched the humanitarian situation monitoring process to inform planning for immediate response and for adequate preparedness measures in case of further deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Ukraine. The joint assessment was conducted in two phases, applying a multi-sectorial key informant assessment methodology and covering the regions of Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv, Luhansk and Zaporizhia.
This report provides a comprehensive overview of the situation and the current needs as of 18 July 2014 in the two areas directly affected by fighting (Donetsk and Luhansk) and the three neighbouring regions (Dnipropetrovsk, Kharkiv, Zaporizhia), which were significantly affected by displacement.
The first section of the report contextualizes the assessment by providing an overview of the main drivers and vulnerability factors of the situation, particularly the continuation of fighting in the densely populated urban areas of Donetsk and Luhansk. The basic characteristics of the affected population and major displacement trends are outlined, followed by a general overview of access to services and security situation. The findings confirm that it has been the urban population that has been most affected.
Humanitarian needs are then assessed by cross-sector comparison of severity of situation in the three of the life-saving sectors: food security; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); and health. Impact on service provision in the coming months is assessed and a general comparative overview of response and current gaps is provided.
Overall findings, which allow for a degree of prioritisation that can assist in the effective preparation for any future deterioration of the situation, suggest that humanitarian needs are currently limited in geographic and sectorial scope. The assessment confirms that the three most affected basic services were the banking system, law and order and transport. However, as the situation deteriorates and lingers on, services such as water supply, health, education, as well as justice and administrative services are increasingly affected.
Section two of the report provides a detailed sector-specific overview and analysis of the underlying situation, needs, trends and risks, current response and response capacities across the sectors. The following sectors are assessed: health; food security; livelihoods; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); education and protection.
Throughout the report, and in particular in the sectorial sections, the sector-specific primary data obtained though the joint inter-agency monitoring in June and July is complemented by the latest secondary sector-specific data. The sectorial sections, therefore, provide a comprehensive analysis to inform humanitarian action, which is principled and firmly grounded in need. The sector analysis sub-sections are concluded with a list of immediate and mid-term priority activities within each sector to guide the future sector response. The methodological overview is included in the annex of the report.