A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The conflict in Ukraine started as civil unrest in November 2013 and escalated into an armed conflict in the Eastern regions of the country. To date, this complex emergency has resulted in thousands of lives lost, damage to critical civilian infrastructure in Lugansk and Donetsk Regions, and movement of the population in the conflict-affected areas to other regions of the country. With more than 10,000 dead, over 23,000 injured and over 1.6 million Internally Displaced People (IDPs) across the country registered by the Government of Ukraine, the conflict is still affecting the lives of approximately 4.4 million Ukrainians.
The population displacement and its associated vulnerabilities have affected people’s ability to cope and resume their normal way of life. At the end of 2017, four years after the beginning of the crisis, the situation remains precarious and locked to a frozen conflict with Donetsk and Lugansk Regions divided between the parties to the conflict. Many of the affected populations continue to travel across the regions, including back-and-forth travel to and from the nonGovernment Controlled Area (NGCA), due to income and family related matters. Some 1.2 million people have been estimated to be food-insecure on both sides of the ‘contact line’ due to increasing commodity prices and lack of job opportunities.
IDPs settling in other parts of Ukraine are also struggling with re-establishing their lives due to the increased cost of living and limited job opportunities. The protracted situation and the frozen nature of the conflict has had many households deplete their savings and running out of viable coping mechanisms. Psychosocial needs among the affected population are high, with limited assistance available.
Ukrainian Red Cross Society (URCS) responded to the humanitarian needs from the start of the protests in Kyiv in late 2013. This was initially done by mobilising its first aid rapid response teams in the capital and other major cities, supported by the IFRC Secretariat’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). As the conflict expanded, the assistance provided by URCS grew into a complex humanitarian operation covering most major sectors of assistance from relief, health and livelihoods interventions to providing psychosocial support (PSS) to the affected population. Together with its Red Cross Red Crescent Movement Partners, URCS has provided assistance to thousands of people in Ukraine during the last four years, and by doing so has grown its capacities by establishing a more expanded strategic and operational basis for its activities. At least 101,076 beneficiaries have been serviced multilaterally through the Emergency Appeal (EA), while others were bilaterally supported by Partner National Societies.