In April 2014, armed groups in the Donbas region (Donetsk and Luhansk) of eastern Ukraine began to seize buildings and arms. The Government responded by launching an operation against the armed groups. As a result of on-going fighting between armed groups and government forces, as well as the events, which unfolded in March in Autonomous Republic of Crimea (ARC), people have been forced to flee their homes and region or have become increasingly vulnerable as the conflict intensified and spread.
Those staying in Donbas region, particularly in areas affected by fighting, face imminent security threats due to military activities by all parties to the conflict that are increasingly concentrated in the densely populated urban areas. Basic life-supporting services are disrupted, supplies increasingly limited, and an upsurge in lawlessness.
The number of displaced population has risen significantly since early June 2014. Since March 2014, some 155,800 people have reportedly been displaced within Ukraine, both from the ARC and Donbas region, and more than 188,000 people have reportedly fled to Russia. Most have left with few belongings and are in need of shelter, food and nonfood assistance, placing pressure on neighbouring regions, as well as on the rest of Ukraine and neighbouring countries.
As the winter is approaching and the on-going fighting is triggering renewed displacement, there is a need to scale up the response, including of international assistance to meet the basic humanitarian needs of the affected population.
The Ukraine Preliminary Response Plan lays the foundation for humanitarian response in Ukraine based on four strategic objectives that will guide sectors-specific action and response. The plan will be upgraded with sector-defined funding requirements in due course.