The present report contains the findings and recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons resulting from his visit to Ukraine from 16 to 25 September 2014. The objective of the visit was to examine the human rights situation of internally displaced persons (IDPs) following the political upheavals and conflict that have affected , in particular , the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the eastern regions of Luhansk and Donetsk .
The Government of Ukraine must exercise primary responsibility, rapidly establish more effective system s and step up its efforts to meet the needs and protect the human rights of IDPs.
Many fled their homes with few possessions, and thousands remain housed in temporary facilities , reliant on humanitarian assistance . Civil society, churches and volunteers are making heroic efforts, supported by United Nations agencies and non - governmental organizations . However, their capacity and resources are stretched thin and require stronger intervention by government authorities working in close cooperation with them. I n view of the lack of comprehensive data on the number, location and needs of displaced persons, full registration and profile of IDPs, including needs assessment, is essential. All registration procedures should be harmonized , and IDPs provided with the necessary documentation to access essential services, pensions, benefits, employment and livelihood opportunities, and to vote.
Ukraine is urged to learn from the experiences of similar IDP situations in other countries where internal displacement has become protracted. It should quickly put in place vital policies, frameworks, support structures and programmes to move towards a situation in which protection and assistance are linked to durable solutions.
Taking into account the limited capacity and resources of the Government of Ukraine to adequately address the IDP situation, the international community is urged to assist with immediate support for humanitarian responses and to provide longer - term development assistance for reconstruction efforts .