Protecting & prioritising people with specific needs in the Ukrainian humanitarian and development response [EN/UK]
WHO IS THIS DOCUMENT FOR?
This document provides guidance for humanitarian and development actors on how to address protection risks and socio-economic vulnerabilities in their work, and highlights aspects to consider in operations to ensure a protection focused response in Ukraine both government-controlled areas (GCA) and non-government controlled areas (NGCA).
MANY CONFLICT AFFECTED PEOPLE ARE IN NEED – WHY A PROTECTION AND VULNERABILITY FOCUS?
THOSE MOST IN NEED Millions of people in Ukraine, in GCA and NGCA have been affected by the conflict. Within populations, certain individuals and groups may be more vulnerable than others. It is necessary, and a priority, to identify such individuals or groups, and to take measures, which address their specific vulnerability.
NEED FOR PRIORITISATION Funding and resource constraints mean that humanitarian and development assistance needs to be targeted based on certain criteria. Prioritization should be done bearing in mind protection risks and socioeconomic vulnerability concerns.
ENSURING THAT YOU HAVE THE FULL PICTURE Including disaggregated data [details of sex, age, marital status, disability, economic situation etc.] in assessments and when deciding on who-where-what-when to support will result in a fuller picture related to needs.
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND INCLUSION must be ensured at all stages of targeting in an inclusive, timely, systematic and transparent manner. Ensure that it is broad-based (men, women, persons with disabilities, older people, children) in all phases of the program: (i) assessment phase of whom to support; (ii) in deciding what type of assistance; (iii) when and how information is shared with beneficiaries; and (iv) during implementation.
AVOID UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCES AND FUTURE PROTECTION ISSUES How assistance is provided and to whom can create tension among IDPs and conflict - affected communities. It is essential that the community understands how and why prioritization was done, so it is important to establish transparent and regular communication. It is also important to include accountability mechanisms in all programs. Ensure that you have set up a way for those receiving support to give feedback and identify gaps.
PRIORITIZATION CRITERIA SHOULD BE EVIDENCE-BASED, RELEVANT AND ACCURATE Assessments and surveys – ensure that data and details on vulnerable groups (disaggregated by sex and age) are included so you can identify them and address their needs. Partners are encouraged to use the IASC Gender with Age Marker (GAM) as a tool to assess to which extent programs address gender- and age-related differences in the design and implementation of humanitarian programs.
CAN YOU PROVIDE A LIST OF THOSE MOST VULNERABLE THAT SHOULD BE PRIORITISED? There is no generic prioritization list. Each organization should assess vulnerability for each project at the planning stage before humanitarian response or development project is initiated.