OVERVIEW OF METHODOLOGY
The objective of the National Monitoring System (NMS) in Ukraine, drawing from IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) approach, is to support the Government of Ukraine in collecting and analysing information on the socio-economic characteristics of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and IDP households, as well as the challenges they face. IOM adapted the DTM, a system designed to regularly capture, process and disseminate information on displacement situations, to the Ukrainian context. The NMS provides a better understanding of the evolving movements and locations, numbers, vulnerabilities and needs of displaced populations in Ukraine.
The survey collected information on socio-economic characteristics of IDPs at individual and household levels, including trends and movement intentions, employment and livelihood opportunities, access to social services and assistance needs in 24 oblasts of Ukraine and the city of Kyiv.
Main information sources used for NMS:
i) Data of sample surveys of IDPs via face-toface interviews;
ii) Data of sample surveys of IDPs via telephone interviews;
iii) Data of sample surveys of key informants via face-to-face interviews;
iv) Focus group discussions (FGDs);
v) Administrative data and relevant data available from other sources.
Face-to-face interviews with IDPs
One thousand and twenty-five (1,025) IDPs were interviewed with this method in cooperation with the Ukrainian Centre of Social Reforms in 205 territorial units across the country during August 2017.
The sampling of territorial units was devised for all government-controlled oblasts of Ukraine and distributed in proportion to the number of registered IDPs.
Telephone interviews with IDPs
Four thousand two hundred and four IDPs (4,204) were interviewed with this method by IOM in JuneSeptember 2017. Out of the total, 3,545 interviews were with IDPs from the government-controlled area (GCA) and 659 interviews were with returnees to the non-government controlled area (NGCA). The sampling was derived from the IDP registration database maintained by the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine.
In this round data from telephone interviews was combined with data from face-to-face interviews. The combining of these two data sets was produced with the assistance of a statistical weighting tool. Both data sets were weighted according to the regional distribution of registered IDPs. Telephone data was also weighted according to the socio-demographic characteristics of IDPs interviewed face-to-face.
Face-to-face interviews with key informants
Four hundred and ten (410) key informants (KIs) were interviewed with this method. They were identified, in cooperation with the Ukrainian Centre of Social Reforms, across the country and were engaged to monitor the developments of the situation with IDPs in the oblasts. Most of the key informants worked in non-governmental organizations (48%), and a significant share of key informants represented institutions of social protection (23%). In addition, 13% were employed as local authorities, 4% were engaged in educational institutions, 1% in health care establishments, while 11% worked in other organizations.
Focus group discussions
Two focus group discussions (FGDs) with key informants, two FGDs with IDPs and one FGD with returnees to the NGCA, were conducted in cooperation with the Ukrainian Centre of Social Reforms during August 2017. The FGD with returnees took place in Mariupol (Donetsk oblast, government-controlled area).
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