Ukraine

National Monitoring System Report on the Situation of Internally Displaced Persons - Cumulative report covering March 2016 – June 2017

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OVERALL SUMMARY

• Socio-demographic characteristics of IDPs and their households have remained relatively stable during the survey period from March 2016 to June 2017. Compared to the total population of Ukraine, IDP households are characterized by higher than average household sizes, an increased share of women and households with children, as well as by younger household members.

• The employment situation of IDPs has started to improve. The rate of employment amongst IDPs increased from 35% to 46%. Furthermore, positive trends in IDP employment include the increase in the share of long-term employment, the increase in the share of IDPs who are working in the same sector of employment as before displacement, and the increase in the share of IDPs who found a job corresponding to their qualifications.

• There is a slight improvement in the well-being of IDPs from March 2016 to June 2017 as demonstrated by an increase in the average monthly income per IDP household member, from UAH 1,420 to UAH 2,017, as well as IDPs’ selfassessment of their financial situation. It might be related to the increase in minimum wage rate that occured three times throughout the reporting period, as well as to the increase in the share of IDPs who reported salary as their main sources of income, as they assess their financial situation higher than those who have other sources of income (government support, pension, etc.).

• Despite this positive trend, the share of IDP households with enough funds to cover only their food needs remained high, at 44% in June 2017. Moreover, IDPs continue to rely heavily on government support, the second most frequently mentioned source of income. IDPs who indicated government IDP support as their main source of income more frequently assessed their financial situation as covering only enough for food.

• The number of IDPs who have consistently lived in the same place of residence is becoming larger each round. In June 2017, 41% of the interviewed IDPs reported that they have been staying in their current place of residence for more than 30 months. This represents an increase of 18% compared to the 23% reported in Round 5 (March 2017).

• The proportion of those intending on returning to their place of origin after the end of the conflict grew from 33% (in September 2016) to 44% (in June 2017). At the same time, a quarter of the respondents expressed their intention not to return, even after the end of the conflict.

• More frequently the intention to return after the end of the conflict is reported by people aged over 60, pensioners who reside with relatives and whose housing in the place of residence before displacement is not damaged. The intention not to return more frequently is reported by people aged 35 to 59, who either have housing in the government-controlled area (GCA) or reside in a dormitory or collective centre for IDPs, but whose housing in the place of residence before displacement is ruined or they don’t have any information about its condition.

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