Ukraine

Latest from the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM), based on information received as of 19:30, 3 December 2017

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This report is for the media and the general public.

The SMM recorded a five-fold increase in ceasefire violations in Donetsk region between the evenings of 1 and 2 December – including a sharp increase in the number of explosions – compared with the previous reporting period, and fewer ceasefire violations between the evenings of 2 and 3 December compared with the previous 24 hours. In Luhansk region, the SMM recorded more ceasefire violations, including more explosions, between the evenings of 1 and 2 December compared with the previous reporting period and more between the evenings of 2 and 3 December compared with the previous 24 hours. The Mission continued monitoring the disengagement areas near Stanytsia Luhanska, Zolote and Petrivske; it recorded ceasefire violations inside the Stanytsia Luhanska disengagement area. Its access remained restricted in the disengagement areas and elsewhere, including near Kreminets, at a compound near Kostiantynivka, and at a heavy weapons holding area.* The SMM observed damage to civilian properties from shelling in residential areas in Marinka and Avdiivka. The Mission observed weapons in violation of withdrawal lines near Novooleksandrivka. The SMM visited six border areas not under government control. In Kyiv, the SMM monitored a large gathering and a blockade of a television station.

In Donetsk region, between the evenings of 1 and 2 December, the SMM recorded more ceasefire violations,[1] including a sharp increase in the number of explosions (over 1,000), compared with the previous reporting period (over 170 explosions). Most of the ceasefire violations were recorded in the Avdiivka-Yasynuvata-Donetsk airport area. Between the evenings of 2 and 3 December, the SMM recorded fewer ceasefire violations, including about 600 explosions, compared with the previous 24 hours.

On the evening and night of 1-2 December, the SMM camera at the Donetsk Filtration Station (15km north of Donetsk) recorded, in sequence, seven undetermined explosions and six projectiles in flight from east to west, followed by a total of 98 undetermined explosions, 185 tracer rounds in flight (168 from east to west and 17 from west to east) and 41 projectiles (24 from west to east and 17 from east to west), all 0.5-1.5km south. During the day on 2 December, the same camera recorded, in sequence, 12 undetermined explosions and a projectile in flight from west to east, followed by a total of 124 explosions (29 assessed as outgoing rounds, nine as impacts and the remainder undetermined) and 40 projectiles (24 from east to west, 14 from north to south and two from west to east), all 0.5-1.5km south. On the evening and night of 2-3 December, the camera recorded, in sequence, three undetermined explosions, a projectile in flight from west to east, two undetermined explosions and two projectiles from east to west, followed by a total of 48 undetermined explosions, 332 tracer rounds in flight (331 from east to west and one from west to east) and nine projectiles from east to west, all 0.5-1.5km south. During the day on 3 December, the camera recorded three undetermined explosions 0.5-1.5km south. In the early evening, it recorded 43 tracer rounds in flight from north-east to south-west, followed by eight undetermined explosions, all 0.5-1.5km south.

On the evening of 1 December, the SMM camera in government-controlled Avdiivka (17km north of Donetsk) recorded, in sequence, two projectiles in flight from south to north, two undetermined explosions, a projectile from south to north, seven undetermined explosions, six tracer rounds in flight from west to east and an undetermined explosion, all 3-5km east-south-east. The following day, the same camera recorded, in sequence, three undetermined explosions, five tracer rounds in flight from west to east and two undetermined explosions, all 3-5km east-south-east. In the early hours of 3 December, the camera recorded, in sequence, a tracer round in flight from north to south, eight tracer rounds from south to north and three undetermined explosions, all 3-5km east-south-east. In the early evening of 3 December, it recorded three tracer rounds in flight from east to west 3-5km east-south-east.

During the day on 2 December, positioned on the south-western edge of Avdiivka for about five and a half hours, the SMM heard about 200 undetermined explosions and about 180 bursts of small-arms fire, all 2-4km at directions ranging from east-south-east to south. The following day, positioned at the same location, the SMM heard seven undetermined explosions and about 40 bursts of heavy-machine-gun fire, all 1-5km at directions ranging from east to south. Later in the day, positioned in Avdiivka, the SMM heard 23 undetermined explosions 2-5km east and east-south-east, and small-arms fire 1-2km east-south-east.

During the day on 2 December, positioned at the railway station in “DPR”-controlled Yasynuvata (16km north-east of Donetsk) for about five hours, the SMM heard about 330 undetermined explosions – at least 300 of which were heard in a 50-minute period, alongside uncountable and overlapping bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire – and about 110 bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire, all 1-6km at directions ranging from west to north-north-west. The same day, positioned on the south-western edge of Yasynuvata for about an hour, the SMM heard six undetermined explosions and about 40 bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire, as well as three minutes of uncountable overlapping undetermined explosions and bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire, all 2-4km at directions ranging from west to north-west.

During the day on 3 December, positioned at the railway station in Yasynuvata for about three hours, the SMM heard about 40 undetermined explosions and about 320 bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire, all 1-5km at directions ranging from south-south-west to north-west. The same day, positioned on the south-western edge of Yasynuvata for about an hour, the SMM heard 20 undetermined explosions and about 70 bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire, all 1-6km west; and 18 minutes of uncountable overlapping bursts and shots of heavy-machine-gun and small-arms fire 3-5km west or south-west.

On the morning of 3 December, positioned in “DPR”-controlled Oleksandrivka (20km south-west of Donetsk), the SMM heard 17 undetermined explosions 5-7km north-north-west, and an undetermined explosion and small-arms fire 1-2km west. Later in the day, positioned at the central railway station in “DPR”-controlled Donetsk city (6km north-west of city centre), the SMM heard nine undetermined explosions 2-5km north-east.