This report provides the results of the October 2018 round of the survey conducted by Charitable Foundation «The Right to Protection» (R2P) at the five entry-exit checkpoints (EECPs) to the nongovernment controlled area (NGCA). The survey has been administered on a regular basis since June 2017. The EECPs are located in Donetsk (Maiorske, Marinka, Hnutove and Novotroitske) and Luhansk (Stanytsia Luhanska) Oblasts. This survey is a part of the monitoring of human rights violations of the conflict-affected population within the framework of the project «Advocacy, Protection and Legal Assistance to the Internally Displaced Population of Ukraine» implemented by R2P with the support of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The purpose of the survey is to explore the motivations and concerns of those travelling between the NGCA and the government-controlled area (GCA), as well as the conditions and risks associated with crossing the line of contact through the EECPs. It should be noted that survey results should not be directly extrapolated onto the entire population crossing the checkpoints in eastern Ukraine, but they help identify needs, gaps and trends, and provide evidencedbased facts for advocacy efforts. The data collection methodology was the same at all EECPs. R2P monitors surveyed civilians in the pedestrian and vehicle lines in the direction of both the GCA and NGCA on the government-controlled side of EECPs.
The survey was conducted anonymously and on a voluntary basis. All persons interviewed for the survey were informed about its purpose. This report is based on data collected during 44 visits to the five EECPs in October 2018. More statistical data can be found on the Eastern Ukraine Checkpoint Monitoring Online Dashboard available at https://goo.gl/fZxXD1. This reporting period was also influenced by reconstruction activity at Novotroitske and Stanytsia Luhanska EECPs.
• The gender and age proportion of respondents have remained relatively consistent throughout all survey rounds. Women over 60 constitute the largest share of respondents (35% this month).
• The vast majority of respondents (87%) were NGCA residents. The trend of GCA residents having far fewer reasons to travel across the line of contact than NGCA residents remains unchanged.
• During the reporting period, reconstruction at Novotroitske and Stanytsia Luhanska EECP was in progress. Road reconstruction was conducted at Hnutove EECP.
• As the number of control counters and State Border Guard Service staff were increased in September as a part of reconstruction, lines at Stanytsia Luhanska EECP were significantly reduced. The number of counters was increased from 10 to 20 in each direction on the GCA side of the EECP.
• The majority of respondents (58%) spent 4-5 hours to pass through the checkpoints. It took the most time to cross the line of contact at Marinka EECP. Duration of crossing at Stanytsia Luhanska EECP was the shortest. The crossing process took more time at NGCA side of checkpoints at all EECPs except Stanytsia Luhanska due to more thorough control procedures on the GCA side of this EECP.