UNHCR Uganda: Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) Thematic Report (October 2018)

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 31 Oct 2018 View Original

Key Figures
- 4,822: Total incidents January to October
- 425: Total incidents in October

Developments
- In October, 425 (37M, 388F) incidents were reported from 13 refugee hosting districts. Kisoro and Kampala districts, reported the highest incidents of sexual violence (Rape and sexual assault). In settlements, physical assault was the most reported incident. Among males, denial of resources and emotional abuse at household level were the key incidents reported.
- Key drivers of SGBV were gender inequalities, conflict, power-imbalances, insufficient food at home and alcoholism. Within the urban, poverty and complexities often led to increased vulnerability to SEA.
- All Survivors received psychosocial support and were referred to health, legal, livelihood and security service providers based on need and consent.
- The SGBV working Group conducted a joint SGBV monitoring visit in 9 health facilities in Bidibidi and identified key gaps in service delivery, which inter alia included: minimal adherence to treatment protocol due to stock out of essential drugs, poor data management, limited knowledge on SGBV and lack of designated focal points for survivor support.
- SO Arua conducted Women’s Participation and Leadership trainings for 145 women in Rhino Camp, Imvepi and Lobule Settlements aimed at tackling the cultural norms and practices that contribute to limited women’s participation in decision making.
- A new operational partner, African Women and Youth Action for Development (AWYAD) funded by Lutheran World Relief (LWR) came on board in Kyaka to implement SGBV prevention/response through social mobilisation and will be implemented for one year.
- 137 SGBV Prevention/PSEA awareness sessions reaching out to 9,798(6,010F and 3,788 M) were held in Arua. In Nyakabande and Matanda TC as well as Kyaka II which is a receiving settlement. The sessions are aimed at empowering communities on SGBV, effects, referral pathways, response and preventive measures. The SASA! DRAMA group in Nakivale was key in offering support during the awareness.
- In Yumbe, Gender mainstreaming trainings were also conducted for farmer groups from zone 1-4 including the host community covering Human Rights, Protection of Women’s rights, Children’s rights, gender concepts, and group dynamics among others. 332 refugees and 837 Host community attended.
- Two Zero Tolerance Village Alliance pledge and award ceremonies were held in Buguta and Kaihora B Village where 962 members (423m, 539f) graduated and took oaths before the Magistrate grade 1 for Kamwenge District in the presence of representatives from OPM and other government officials as well as UNHCR, implementing and Operational Partners.
- In Kyangwali, the community was mobilized and participated in community policing and community meetings in Maratatu B and Maratatu D where 295(61M; 234F) POCs participated in promoting peaceful co-existence. In Kampala, UNHCR staff joined IAU in delivering a Community Outreach Program on SGBV/PSEA in Bunamaya, Makindye Division which was attended by 60 participants.
- 31 girls in Invempi and Omugo were reached through the Girl Shine Initiative, which addresses barriers to development and education of adolescent girls. This brings the number of those reached in the two locations, to 585 girls. The participants mapped out safe places like hospitals, churches, schools and women and girls centres where they could seek help and life skills.
- Engaging men and boys continues to be a key prevention and response approach with initiatives such as Engaging Men in Accountable Practices (EMAP), Role Model Man (RMM), and Male Action Groups (MAG) being used across the operation. In October, 10 role model boys were mobilized in Imvepi to share life changing stories as agents of social transformation. 08 EMAP sessions benefitting 266 PoC (159M, 107W) were also conducted. In addition 90 Male Action Group members from the 6 zones in Rhino Camp were also reached. The men were trained on journeys of transformation aimed at building positive behavioural and attitudes change. In Yumbe, the EMAP women’s season for the last women group in zone 3 was successfully concluded, and also started sessions with 3 men’s group. 4 EMAP groups also graduated while 3 new groups comprising of 25 men were enrolled for the 8 weeks sessions.
- In Yumbe, women and girls participated in activities at the women centres which included EA$E Discussion Group Series, Functional Adult Literacy, life skills including baking, tailoring and crocheting, Psychosocial & group counselling and cultural events. Eleven chairpersons of each Women center received skills training like leadership, lobbying and conflict management to equip them to manage centre activities. Five IRC Staff were trained in VSLA and Business skills to improve their support for the management of the savings groups at the women centres. 6,000 women at risks across the zones in Yumbe were identified and linked up for possible livelihood program opportunity with DCA. In Kyaka, 24 women at risk of SGBV were enrolled in crocheting classes while eleven Women and Girls Centers (WGCs) of Rhino Camp and Imvepi women continued to gather to support one another, learn life skills, and participate in community-building activities carried out by partners. 2,289 women also benefitted from activities in the safe spaces such as functional adult literacy class, tailoring, hair plaiting, knitting and baking. In Moyo, 3 safe spaces for women and girls have been completed in Zone 1 Belameling, Zone 2 Morobi and Zone 3 Dongo West and will provide protective environment where women and girls can meet to share and learn from each other and as they receive targeted support from different partners.
- Key stakeholders involved in implementation of the SASA tool in Adjumani, were taken through the Awareness Phase Training of Trainers (ToT) in Gulu facilitated by Raising Voices (proprietor of the SASA methodology in Uganda). This followed the successful implementation of SASA phase 2 and the rapid assessment on the SASA phase 2. The stakeholders then developed an action plan for the implementation of Phase 3, which will commence in the first quarter of 2019. Three Business Action Groups (BAG) comprising of 54 refugees from Oliji, Mungula I and Ayilo II were also established and will support the implementation of SASA methodology in these locations. In Moyo, UNHCR together with LWF conducted SASA! Rapid assessment to conclude the implementation of Start Phase.
- A total of 866 (454 F, 412 M) members of RWCs, LCs, GBV Task Forces as well as other community groups were trained in Rhino Camp, Imvepi and Lobule Settlements. Topics included SGBV basic concepts, guiding principles and minimum standards, and PSEA. In Kiryandongo, a sensitization meeting mobilized by community volunteers on dangers of early marriage, SGBV causes, prevention and response was attended by 122 (38 m, 84 f). Two quarterly meetings with representatives of community structures and leaders on SGBV related issues were also held in Kiryandongo and attended by a total of 40 (8M: 32F) leaders and community structures involved in SGBV prevention and response (Activists, CDWs, YP, male action groups, GTF). Partners also held a meeting with 13 (06M, 07F) community leaders to get feedback on SGBV implementation in the community. The leaders noted that there was reduced presence of partners reaching out to them and this will have to be taken into consideration to improve outreach.
- Capacity building for service providers: A number of trainings were held in Imvepi and Omugo for 24 (13F/11M) participants who included health workers, Police, RWCs members and school staff, in response to key recommendations that came from the Joint Technical Supervision on SGBV and Health carried out in June at various health centres. The topics covered include SGBV core concepts, case management basic principles, survivor-based approach, existing referral pathways, and roles and responsibilities of the actors involved in SGBV prevention and response. In Yumbe, UNHCR, TPO and CARE conducted a 03 day case management training on Psychosocial support and SGBV case management for 25 case workers from different organisations that aimed at improving support to suicide survivors and SGBV case management procedures. ARC also conducted a 4 days training on clinical management of rape for 25 (14F, 11M) health workers from both government and NGO health facilities aimed at strengthening their capacity to appropriately respond to rape survivors. A joint technical support supervision on SGBV management targeting health facilities serving refugees and other persons of concern in Imvepi, Rhino and Lobule settlements as well as Kuluba collection centre was conducted and came up with key action points for protection partners.
- UNHCR also participated in a meeting of the “Arua District GBV Network”, a coordination platform promoted by the District Local Government with the technical and financial support of the national NGO “Reproductive Health Uganda”. The network, which includes twenty-five members belonging to the public and civil society sector, has finalized the first draft of a Local Action Plan (LAP) for 2019-2024 to strengthen the District response to SGBV issues in all the 28 sub-counties, including those hosting refugee settlements. In Kiryandongo, an interagency team lead met with Ematong primary school administration in Kiryandongo following concerns raised by female pupils that teachers were compelling girls to kneel before them as sign of respect, which they found to be not culturally acceptable amongst South Sudanese and a form of gender violence. It was agreed that the practice should stop forthwith.