In recent years, refugee situations around the globe have increased in scope, scale and complexity. Today, over 68.5 million people worldwide have been forced to flee, including more than 25.4 million people who have crossed borders to become refugees. Many of them live in protracted situations, ofen in low- and middle-income countries facing their own economic and development challenges, and the average length of stay has continued to grow.
In response, in December 2018, the international community agreed on a “new deal” to forge a stronger, fairer response to large refugee movements known as the Global Compact on Refugees 1 to provide greater support for those fleeing their homelands and for countries that take them in, which are ofen among the poorest in the world 2 . The Global Compact on Refugees is a new commitment to burden- and responsibility-sharing, designed to provide a robust and systematic model to improve the lives of refugees and their host communities.
Prompted by the historic 2016 New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants 3 (hereinafer NY Declaration), the Global Compact builds on the experience of countries who have been implementing aspects of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) over the past year – including Uganda, which was the first country to implement aspects of the CRRF and whose progressive refugee model has shaped the formulation of the NY Declaration and its CRRF. Against this background, the Global Compact contains four parts:
An introduction setting out the background, guiding principles and objectives.
The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF), as agreed to by Member States in Annex I of the New York Declaration.
A Programme of Action including arrangements to share burdens and responsibilities through a Global Refugee Forum; national and regional arrangements for specific situations; and tools such as funding, partnerships and data gathering and sharing.
It also identifies areas in need of support from reception and admission, to meeting needs and supporting communities, to solutions.
Arrangements for follow-up and review, which will primarily be conducted through the Global Refugee Forum, an annual high-level meeting, and the High Commissioner’s annual report to the General Assembly