Boroli is located in the Pakele subcounty of Adjumani district and has a surface area of 103 hectares. Boroli I first opened on the 1st January 2014 and its extension, Boroli II, was established and opened in 2015. The vast majority of refugees residing at Boroli settlement are South Sudanese and fled insecurity in their country of origin. Boroli also hosts a minority of refugees from Ethiopia and Somalia.
Gaps & Challenges
Access to quality education is restricted by a high student to staff ratio and limited facilities such as classrooms, desks and teaching materials. High tuition fees of 10,000 shillings per term for primary and 400,000 shillings for secondary school have inhibited enrolment with parents often forced to sell food to pay for the tuition fees. The limited scholarship opportunities available further impact the issue of high tuition fees. In addition, there is no secondary school in the settlement meaning pupils have to travel long distances to access secondary education and refugees reported that this also contributed to students dropping out of school once they have completed primary school. Moreover, the lack of vocational training institutions further prevents students who cannot attend secondary school from accessing employment opportunities in the future, damaging their potential for self-reliance.
There is no health centre in the settlement, with residents sharing Bira Health Centre III with the host community. This requires long travel distances to the center that has inadequate resources and staff shortages, with patients having to travel elsewhere to obtain prescriptions. Both refugees and nationals emphasised the difficulty in accessing the treatment they required particularly due to the poorly equipped health center and overcrowding, which has delayed doctors' attendance of patients. Additionally, the lack of maternal health facilities have led to women lying on the floor whilst waiting to deliver.
Frequent delays in food distributions exacerbate food insecurity. Food distributions are irregular, of diminishing quantity and quality where the food is often expired. Moreover, refugees' food insecurity is further increased due to the fact that they sell food items to pay for their children's tuition fees. Refugees reported the cash-for-food assistance is not sufficient to support a balanced diet, and often causes inflation in local markets.
Both refugees and nationals struggle with access to livelihoods, which has significantly reduced their self-sustainability. There is a lack of capital and capacity building support for those wanting to start income generating activities with village Savings and Loan Associations requiring large initial deposits before financial aid. Those households who want to engage in agriculture have reportedly not been provided with adequate land for cultivation, causing people to sell non-food items (NFIs) to supplement income.
There are few boreholes in the settlement, and no alternative water sources. This has led to congestion at the water points and long delays in obtaining water as well as tensions between refugees and the host community as residents look for alternative water provisions. This is particularly a problem for the elderly and persons with special needs (PSNs) as they are unable to travel long distances or wait in long lines and carry the water home. Additionally, many households do not have latrines due to limited material distribution and construction capacity, which has resulted in families sharing latrines with neighbors.