Ayilo I and II are located in Adjumani District and have a combined surface area of 776 hectares. Ayilo II was established on 6 of July 2014 and Ayilo I was established on 1st of January 2015 in response to the influx of South Sudanese refugees fleeing insecurity in their country of origin. Ayilo I and II no longer take in new arrivals and host together 39,000 refugees. Although partners implement both humanitarian and development oriented services, important gaps in services remain in the settlement that urgently need to be addressed.
Gaps & Challenges
There is limited access to water with insufficient boreholes serving each settlement blocks, which has led to both refugees and host community members queueing long hours, sometimes overnight, to access water or resorting to the use of unsafe water sources. Refugees and nationals also reported finding the water to be of poor quality. In addition to this, FGD participants reported a major lack of latrines across the settlement with many overflowing, forcing refugees to defacate in the bushes.
FGD participants complained about insufficient food distributions combined with a decline in maize flour and beans provided. The distribution is often irregular, with refugees waiting sometimes several weeks to receive their rations further deteriorating their food security situation. The cash-for-food assistance provided was reported to be too small to ameliorate the gap as the markets are both expensive and long distances away.
Refugees reported overcrowded classes, no classroom furniture and an insufficient number of teachers leading to high teacher per student ratios inhibiting the learning environment. Pre-primary schools are in temporary structures and there are no primary school feeding programs, which has reduced attendance and increased the number of dropouts. Enrolment in secondary education is low due to high tuition fees, few scholarships and the nearest secondary school being far away in Lewa SS or Pakele.
There is limited access to key health services with only one health centre, based in Ayilo I, that serves the whole settlement and host community leading many to travel long distances and an increased patient to staff ratio. Refugees reported that the health centre has limited diagnostic equipment, low staff numbers, long queues and inadequate medicines prohibiting their access to appropriate treatments.
Refugees complained about the insufficient land provided of 20x25m for growing crops and reported being unable to generate a sustainable income, which is aggravated by the limited vocational training opportunities and income generating support. Most refugees are pastoralists who are not accustomed to subsistence farming and therefore need increased support to generate a sustainable livelihood.
Many key non-food items (NFIs) such as mosquito nets, jerry cans and mattresses were distributed to the households upon arrival. These are now worn out and in need of replacement. Children often don’t have adequate clothing, preventing them from going to school. FGD participants reported that they hadn't received soap distributions, exacerbating already existing hygiene issues.