Uganda hosts over 1,400,000 refugees in 13 Settlements located in 12 districts owing to its relative stability enjoyed by Uganda and the asylum seekers in an otherwise turbulent region. The asylum seekers and refugees are mainly from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia and other States.
The Uganda operation drafted a 2016–2020 Protection and Durable Solutions Strategy which ensures that all elements of the country operation set their priorities through a protection and solutions lens. The vision for this Strategy, as agreed between the Office of the Prime Minister Refugee Department (OPM) and UNHCR, is to ensure that “Refugees are protected by the Government of Uganda, live in safety and dignity with host communities, and progressively attain lasting solutions”, and the five strategic objectives cover: 1)Protection including emergency response; 2) Peaceful co-existence with local communities promoted; 3) Self-reliance and livelihoods improved; 4) Social service delivery integrated with local government systems; and 5) Durable Solutions achieved.
In line with Strategic Objective 4 under which health (as part of social service delivery) is integrated with District Local Government (DLG) systems. A 4-pronged approach that will include:
1) Accreditation and alignment of refugee health care facilities so that they are recognized by the government;
2) Building the capacity of the health & WASH systems;
3) Strengthening strategic coordination at central and operational levels; and 4) Re-orientation of the roles of IPs more to support and less direct service delivery.