Uganda

Uganda Red Cross Society Pallisa Branch disaster assessment report 18 Sep 2008 - Floods outbreak

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Situation Report
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Introduction

This report is produced by Pallisa Branch as a result of the floods rapid assessment which was conducted in Agule Sub County in Pallisa District having received field information from our volunteers and the community. The affected parishes lie along the stretch to lake albert. The affected parishes include Akwamor,Okunguro, cherekura and some parts of morokume B.

General situation.

Three parishes in this sub county with a total of about 700 people were affected. About 400 people are bound to be displaced from their homes where most temporary houses are getting dump and will soon be sub merged if the current rains continue. These communities are facing famine already due to general shortage of food for consumption. This has been worsened by the high increase in the general food prices coupled by poor crop yield in the affected areas. Some roads were substantially damaged but are still passable though they are increasingly becoming bad should the rains continue. The community is responding by having self copping mechanism with limited support. They are however increasingly becoming over whelmed and desperate for external help. The arrival of the Red Cross assessment team was greeted with hope prompting instant and rapid self mobilization within the communities who thought the team had brought help. Over 300 desperate people were already gathering and following the assessment team forcing the team to have a brief with them to get the situation from their testimonies some of whose photographs are here in attached to this report.

Health /Nutrition situation

There were no reported cases of death or injuries as a result of floods. About 700 people were however affected with about 400 homes have their temporary houses dump and may be sub merged should the current rains continue. Snakes have already infested the communities. Malaria the most common disease affecting the community especially children and women leaving along the shores of the lake. this was due to presence of many mosquitoes in the affected areas. no mosquito nets were reported to be in use.

Other health related problems include poor water supply (insufficient and contaminated), the communities use spring water which are already flooded, poor environmental health (lack of pit latrines, poor rubbish disposal), some latrines have already collapsed as a result of floods as seen in the photographs, this posses a likelihood of cholera out break. Pneumonia , was also abig challenge especially to children as a result of extreme coldness and lack of adequate beddings such as blankets.

Key Livelihood issues

At least 70% of the house holds visited had their crops submerged in floods. Food crops such as cassava has become rotten under ground. There is alikilhood of food shortage in the near future in most house holds while some are already facing starvation. Other crops such as g nuts, cotton beans are already drying . . The poorest of the poor classified among the population include the orphans, PWDs , women. There is high prevalence of illiteracy among these categories of population. Among the orphans, some of whom have lost both parents, imply that they have to depend on their relatives who may equally be impoverished.