Uganda: Population Movement Emergency appeal n° MDRUG038 Operations update n° 1

Summary of major updates to the emergency appeal

This update provides a brief overview on Ugandan Red Crescent Societies (URCS) actions to date in the preparations for the start of their response activities to be covered by the Emergency Appeal (in anticipation of pledges). Appeal coverage at the time of writing is 0%, however some soft pledges are being discussed with partners including Netherlands and Swedish Red Cross interested in potentially support to increase our coverage to approximately 20%.
Donors are still urgently needed and encouraged to support the appeal to enable URCS provide lifesaving support to the South Sudanese refugees through the planned activities as detailed in the Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA).

The numbers of refugees have significantly increased in the past 2 weeks with nearly double the number of refugees arriving each day in comparison to arrivals in August. At the time of writing the appeal UNHCR predicted Bidibidi camp would be hosting 40,000 refugees by the end of 2016. The camp now hosts almost 56,000 and is expected to be over its capacity of 100,000 people within the next month.

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

July 2016: In the month following escalation of violence in South Sudan, 80,354 people have crossed into Uganda at a rate of approximately 2,592 people per day. Crossings are occurring at Elegu, Arua, Kyriandongo, Moyo and Lamwo.

27 July 2016: Inter-agency meeting where the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) and UNHCR called upon agencies to urgently mobilize resources and capacities to respond to the refugee humanitarian situation in West Nile.

2 Aug 2016: Bidibidi camp opens in Yumbe District to alleviate overcrowding in other camps. The Red Cross is focusing its response efforts here. Services and facilities available in Bidibidi settlement are extremely under resourced and not sufficient to meet the basic needs of the current and projected refugees. URCS, UNHCR and other agencies working in Bidibidi settlement are helping to address urgent basic needs in terms of water and sanitation, health and shelter. There is a high concern of a cholera outbreak from neighbouring settlements into the new camp, as suspected cholera cases have been recently reported. 1

6 Aug 2016: 8,982 refugees are registered at Bidibidi. UNHCR is projecting this number to increase to 40,000 by December 2016.

24 August 2016: IFRC issues Emergency Appeal for 658,728 Swiss francs targeting 40,000 refugees in Bidibidi Settlement.

24 August – 10 September 2016: The refugee numbers entering Uganda have increased during this period, with more than 4,000 South Sudanese refugees entering Uganda each day in the past week, the highest daily arrivals being 4,879 on 07 September. Bidibidi Settlement continues to receive convoys from Kiryandongo, Elegu, Nyumanzi, Oraba, Palorinya, Kuluba, Pagirinya settlement/transit Centers and Kerwa collection site in Yumbe district. During this period, there has been increased number of daily arrivals, averaging over 2,000 refugees a day. Some refugees, who initially opted to stay with relatives and friends as an interim measure while monitoring the situation with the hope to return to South Sudan, have now started to seek refuge in the camps as the situation has not improved and their financial resources have depleted.