Uganda: Floods DREF Bulletin no. MDRUG002 Final Report

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered by this Final Report: 18 August to 18 November 2006.

History of this Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF)-funded operation:

CHF 41,393 was allocated from the Federations DREF on 18 August 2006 to respond to the needs of this operation. Refer to the DREF Bulletin for more information

This operation was implemented over 3 months, and was completed on 18 November 2006.

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

Background and summary

In August 2006, heavy rains caused devastating floods in Eastern Uganda when rivers Ngenge and Atari in Kapchorwa and Sironko districts respectively burst their banks. The flooding displaced thousands of people and killed several others. Livestock, crop fields and stored food were not spared while houses and household items were completely or extensively damaged. Many water sources were destroyed, with several being contaminated with faecal matter from overflowing sanitary facilities. The most affected areas included five villages of Kapkwot parish, Ngenge sub-county in Kapchorwa District and four villages of Bumufuni parish, Bunambutye sub-county in Sironko District.

The Bumufuni parish has an approximate population of 5,500 people while the Kapkwot parish has 7,200 people. A total of 1,811 people in 503 households were adversely affected. In Sironko District, three people perished and 980 people (320 households) were seriously affected while in Kapchorwa District, 831 people (183 households) were affected. Some communities in Kapkwot parish were forced to relocate to areas where boreholes remained functional. The parish initially had 15 boreholes out of which only six remained functional after the flooding with the rest either blocked or in need of repair.

Ecological sanitation (EcoSan) equipment and pit latrines that collapsed due to the flooding presented risks of contamination of water sources with exposed waste. The eight and six internally displaced persons (IDP) camps1 in Kapchorwa and Sironko districts respectively - and surrounding trading centres - were congested due to the influx of people displaced by the floods. Such a situation put a lot of pressure on the few water sources, sanitary facilities and social amenities (churches, schools and health units) in the areas. In addition to the flooding, the affected communities faced other challenges such as security threats from the Karamojong cattle rustlers, bleak prospects of returning to their homes (from IDP camps) and potential malaria outbreaks.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Uganda: Alice Anukur, Secretary General, Uganda Red Cross Society, Kampala; email:; telephone +; fax

In Kenya: Knut Kaspersen, Deputy Head of Eastern Africa Zone and a.i. Head of East Africa Sub-Zone Office, Nairobi; email:; telephone +; fax +254.20271.27.77

In Kenya: Dr Asha Mohammed, Federation Head of Eastern Africa Zone, Nairobi; email:; telephone: +; fax +

In Geneva: Amna Al Ahmar, Federation Regional Officer for East Africa Zone, email:; telephone +41.22.730.44.27; fax +41.22.733.03.95


(1) The IDP camps were initially meant for people who were internally displaced due to insecurity brought about by attacks by Karamojong cattle rustlers.